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Psychological Pressure Distorts High Jumpers’ Perception of the Height of the Bar

1
Department of Health and Sports Sciences, Mukogawa Women’s University, Nishinomiya, Hyogo 6638558, Japan
2
Department of Sports Research, Japan Institute of Sports Sciences, 3-15-1 Nishigaoka, Kita-ku, Tokyo 1150056, Japan
3
Graduate School of Osaka University of Health and Sport Sciences, 1-1 Asashirodai, Kumatori-cho, Sennan-gun, Osaka 5900496, Japan
4
Gender Equality Promotion, Mukogawa Women’s University, 6-46 Ikebiraki-cho, Nishinomiya, Hyogo 6638558, Japan
5
Junior College Division, Mukogawa Women’s University, 6-46 Ikebirakicho, Nishinomiya, Hyogo 6638558, Japan
6
Faculty of Business Administration, Kindai University, 3-4-1 Kowakae, Higashi-Osaka, Osaka 5778502, Japan
7
Section of Sport and Health Science, Institute of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 9201192, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2018, 3(2), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk3020029
Received: 23 April 2018 / Revised: 24 May 2018 / Accepted: 25 May 2018 / Published: 26 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Human Posture and Movement)
The effects of psychological pressure on perceiving the height of a jump bar just before starting a high jump run was investigated. University students (n = 14) training for a high jump event performed 15 trials (3 practice, 6 high-pressure, and 6 low-pressure) in counterbalanced order in their daily practice environment. The height of the bar was judged as significantly higher on high-pressure trials compared to low-pressure trials (p = 0.030). A regression analysis indicated that participants who reported increased subjective perceived pressure tended to judge the bar to be higher (r = 0.468, p = 0.091). There was no significant difference between high-pressure and low-pressure trials for the performance index, defined as the success rate (p = 0.209). This study provides the first evidence that environmental perceptions prior to executing a motor task under pressure may make performance of the task appear to be more difficult. View Full-Text
Keywords: action-specific perception; dynamic perception; high jump; psychological stress action-specific perception; dynamic perception; high jump; psychological stress
MDPI and ACS Style

Tanaka, Y.; Sasaki, J.; Karakida, K.; Goto, K.; Tanaka, Y.M.; Murayama, T. Psychological Pressure Distorts High Jumpers’ Perception of the Height of the Bar. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2018, 3, 29.

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