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Psychological Pressure Distorts High Jumpers’ Perception of the Height of the Bar

Department of Health and Sports Sciences, Mukogawa Women’s University, Nishinomiya, Hyogo 6638558, Japan
Department of Sports Research, Japan Institute of Sports Sciences, 3-15-1 Nishigaoka, Kita-ku, Tokyo 1150056, Japan
Graduate School of Osaka University of Health and Sport Sciences, 1-1 Asashirodai, Kumatori-cho, Sennan-gun, Osaka 5900496, Japan
Gender Equality Promotion, Mukogawa Women’s University, 6-46 Ikebiraki-cho, Nishinomiya, Hyogo 6638558, Japan
Junior College Division, Mukogawa Women’s University, 6-46 Ikebirakicho, Nishinomiya, Hyogo 6638558, Japan
Faculty of Business Administration, Kindai University, 3-4-1 Kowakae, Higashi-Osaka, Osaka 5778502, Japan
Section of Sport and Health Science, Institute of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 9201192, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2018, 3(2), 29;
Received: 23 April 2018 / Revised: 24 May 2018 / Accepted: 25 May 2018 / Published: 26 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Human Posture and Movement)
The effects of psychological pressure on perceiving the height of a jump bar just before starting a high jump run was investigated. University students (n = 14) training for a high jump event performed 15 trials (3 practice, 6 high-pressure, and 6 low-pressure) in counterbalanced order in their daily practice environment. The height of the bar was judged as significantly higher on high-pressure trials compared to low-pressure trials (p = 0.030). A regression analysis indicated that participants who reported increased subjective perceived pressure tended to judge the bar to be higher (r = 0.468, p = 0.091). There was no significant difference between high-pressure and low-pressure trials for the performance index, defined as the success rate (p = 0.209). This study provides the first evidence that environmental perceptions prior to executing a motor task under pressure may make performance of the task appear to be more difficult. View Full-Text
Keywords: action-specific perception; dynamic perception; high jump; psychological stress action-specific perception; dynamic perception; high jump; psychological stress
MDPI and ACS Style

Tanaka, Y.; Sasaki, J.; Karakida, K.; Goto, K.; Tanaka, Y.M.; Murayama, T. Psychological Pressure Distorts High Jumpers’ Perception of the Height of the Bar. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2018, 3, 29.

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