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Total Body Water Distribution in Breast Cancer Survivors Following Cancer Rehabilitation

Sports and Exercise Medicine Center, University of Florence, 50121 Firenze, Italy
Department of Sports Medicine, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA 90263, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giuseppe Musumeci
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2017, 2(2), 12;
Received: 24 February 2017 / Revised: 14 April 2017 / Accepted: 17 April 2017 / Published: 19 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tailored Exercise in Patients with Chronic Diseases 2017)
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Cancer in humans is frequently associated with compartmentalization of body fluids as a result of sedentary behavior and pharmacological cellular toxicity. Total Body Water (TBW) in the general population is approximately 55–60% of body weight in adult males and 50–55% in adult females, while varying significantly in pathological conditions. Exercise is largely recognized as an important tool to TBW distribution. The purpose of this study was to investigate, for a least 12 months, the impact of physical activity on body water distribution in a sample of cancer patients and compare their responses to a sample of healthy controls. Cancer patients included 28 clinically stable female cancer patients diagnosed with breast cancer (aged 59 ± 9 years, weight 70.2 ± 9.9 kg, and Body Mass Index (BMI 26.7 ± 5.4 kg·m2), who were enrolled in a year-long physical activity prescription program. The results indicated the absence of significant variations of TBW% between the cancer patients and controls, however, there was a significant improvement in intracellular water content (ICW%) at 6 months (T0: 51.1 ± 3.9 vs. T6: 52.4 ± 4.1; p < 0.05) and at T12 (T0: 51.1 ± 3.9 vs. T12: 53.6 ± 3.1; p < 0.005). In conclusion, in this small sample of cancer survivors, an unsupervised cancer rehabilitation program reduced the trend towards increased peripheral edema. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydration; cancer; physical activity hydration; cancer; physical activity

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Stefani, L.; Palmerini, D.; Corezzi, M.; Mascherini, G.; Petri, C.; Klika, R.J.; Galanti, G. Total Body Water Distribution in Breast Cancer Survivors Following Cancer Rehabilitation. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2017, 2, 12.

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J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. EISSN 2411-5142 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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