2. The Numbers
3. The Benefits of Physical Activity
- improves glucose tolerance and reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes;
- prevents hypercholesterolemia and hypertension and reduces the levels of blood pressure and cholesterol;
- decreases the risk of developing heart disease and several cancers, such as those of the colon and breast;
- reduces the risk of premature death, especially that caused by heart attacks and other heart diseases;
- prevents and reduces the risk of osteoporosis and fractures, as well as musculoskeletal disorders (e.g., back pain);
- prevents and reduces the risk of osteoarthritis and other rheumatic diseases;
- reduces the symptoms of anxiety, stress, physical limitations, fatigue, and depression;
- prevents, especially among children and young people, risky behaviors such as the use of tobacco, alcohol, unhealthy diets, and bullying and promotes psychological well-being by developing self-esteem, making the management of anxiety and stressful situations easier; and
- produces an energy expenditure and decreases the risk of obesity.
4. Which Physical Activity?
5. How to Move?
7. Pregnant Women
8. Elderly People
9. People Who Have no Time
- go to work or to school on foot or by bicycle;
- when using public transportation, get off one stop earlier and finish on foot;
- do not take the car to make short trips, and, when you use it, park a little farther from the destination;
- take the stairs instead of the elevator;
- walk the dog;
- do gardening or housework;
- go dancing;
- train at home listening to music (or a home exercise program); and
- play with children, possibly outdoors or through activities that require physical movement.
10. People Who Have Diseases
Conflicts of Interest
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|Promote a better understanding of health-enhancing physical activity and give a stronger voice to physical activity promotion in health policy and in other relevant sectors in Europe, including support for workforce development.||Focus on population-based approaches for the promotion of health-enhancing physical activity using the best available scientific evidence.|
|Develop, support, and disseminate effective strategies and multi-sectoral approaches in the promotion of health-enhancing physical activity.||Emphasis on the importance of monitoring and evaluation; encouragement of the development of standardized measurement methods and systematic research.|
|Foster the preservation and creation of social and physical environments as well as values and lifestyles supportive of health-enhancing physical activity.||Encouragement of the ongoing exchange, dissemination, and sharing of experience and knowledge.|
|Together with other relevant institutions and organizations, improve coordination in physical activity promotion across sectors and administrative structures.||Support of cooperation, partnerships, and collaboration with other related sectors, networks, and approaches.|
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