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The Role of Physical Activity and Nutrition in the Sarcopenia of Cirrhosis

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, Catania 95123, Italy
Department of Drug Sciences, University of Catania, Catania 95123, Italy
Infectious Disease Unit, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria “Policlinico Vittorio Emanuele”, Catania 95123, Italy
Hepatology and Gastroenterology Section, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, St. Mary’s Hospital Campus, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Laura Stefani
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2016, 1(1), 118-125;
Received: 4 January 2016 / Revised: 15 February 2016 / Accepted: 19 February 2016 / Published: 3 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tailored Exercise in Patients with Chronic Diseases)
PDF [839 KB, uploaded 3 March 2016]


The aim of this review is to understand how physical activity and nutrition are involved in the improvement of sarcopenia in patients affected by liver cirrhosis. The pathogenesis of sarcopenia in cirrhosis involves three major factors: inadequate dietary intake, metabolic disturbances, and malabsorption. Although in the early stages muscles appear to be spared, sarcopenia progressively leads to mobility limitations and its consequences, such as propensity to falls and drastically reducing life quality. Several studies confirm the important role played by physical activity and balanced nutrition in this chronic condition. Exercise and nutritional intervention should be recommended in these patients in order to improve quality of life. View Full-Text
Keywords: hepatic cirrhosis; sarcopenia; muscle loss; nutrition; physical activity hepatic cirrhosis; sarcopenia; muscle loss; nutrition; physical activity

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Trovato, F.M.; Aiello, F.C.; Larocca, L.; Taylor-Robinson, S.D. The Role of Physical Activity and Nutrition in the Sarcopenia of Cirrhosis. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2016, 1, 118-125.

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J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. EISSN 2411-5142 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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