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Experimental Investigation of the Effect of a Combination of Active and Passive Cooling Mechanism on the Thermal Characteristics and Efficiency of Solar PV Module
Article

Experimental Study on Performance Enhancement of a Photovoltaic Module Using a Combination of Phase Change Material and Aluminum Fins—Exergy, Energy and Economic (3E) Analysis

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Department of Nuclear and Renewable Energy, Ural Federal University Named after the First President of Russia Boris, 19 Mira Street, Ekaterinburg, 620002 Yeltsin, Russia
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Kirkuk Technical College, Northern Technical University, Kirkuk 36001, Iraq
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Faculty of Economics and Administrative Science, Cyprus International University, Northern Cyprus, Mersin 10, Nicosia 99670, Turkey
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Department of Finance & Accounting, Akfa University, 1st Deadlock, 10th Kukcha Darvoza Street, Tashkent 100012, Uzbekistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Umberto Lucia, Giulia Grisolia and Debora Fino
Inventions 2021, 6(4), 69; https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions6040069
Received: 24 September 2021 / Revised: 11 October 2021 / Accepted: 13 October 2021 / Published: 18 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thermodynamic and Technical Analysis for Sustainability)
The electrical performance of a photovoltaic (PV) module is hugely affected by its temperature. This study proposed a passive cooling mechanism for the cooling of a PV panel. The proposed cooling system is made up of a combination of aluminum fins and paraffin wax integrated at the PV panel’s rear side. The average temperature for the cooled panel for the entire period of the experiment is 36.62 °C against 48.75 °C for the referenced PV module. This represents an average reduction of 12.13 °C for the cooled panel. The average power for the cooled panel is 12.19 W against 10.95 W for the referenced module which is 11.33% improvement. The electrical efficiencies for the cooled panel and the referenced modules are 14.30% and 13.60%, respectively, representing an improvement of 5.15% in the electrical efficiency. The cooled solar PV module had an average exergy efficiency of 7.99% compared to 5.61% for the referenced module. In terms of the economics, the results from the computations show that LCOE of the cooled panel can range between 0.198 and 0.603 $/kWh, while that of the referenced module ranges from 0.221–0.671 $/kWh depending on the number of days it operates. View Full-Text
Keywords: passive cooling; photovoltaic panel cooling; exergy efficiency; levelized cost of energy; paraffin wax passive cooling; photovoltaic panel cooling; exergy efficiency; levelized cost of energy; paraffin wax
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MDPI and ACS Style

Agyekum, E.B.; PraveenKumar, S.; Alwan, N.T.; Velkin, V.I.; Adebayo, T.S. Experimental Study on Performance Enhancement of a Photovoltaic Module Using a Combination of Phase Change Material and Aluminum Fins—Exergy, Energy and Economic (3E) Analysis. Inventions 2021, 6, 69. https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions6040069

AMA Style

Agyekum EB, PraveenKumar S, Alwan NT, Velkin VI, Adebayo TS. Experimental Study on Performance Enhancement of a Photovoltaic Module Using a Combination of Phase Change Material and Aluminum Fins—Exergy, Energy and Economic (3E) Analysis. Inventions. 2021; 6(4):69. https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions6040069

Chicago/Turabian Style

Agyekum, Ephraim B., Seepana PraveenKumar, Naseer T. Alwan, Vladimir I. Velkin, and Tomiwa S. Adebayo. 2021. "Experimental Study on Performance Enhancement of a Photovoltaic Module Using a Combination of Phase Change Material and Aluminum Fins—Exergy, Energy and Economic (3E) Analysis" Inventions 6, no. 4: 69. https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions6040069

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