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Open AccessArticle

Tidal Supplementary Control Schemes-Based Load Frequency Regulation of a Fully Sustainable Marine Microgrid

1
Electromechanics Engineering Dept., Faculty of Engineering, Heliopolis University, Cairo 11785, Egypt
2
Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz 5166616471, Iran
3
Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, 9200 Aalborg, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Inventions 2020, 5(4), 53; https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions5040053
Received: 20 August 2020 / Revised: 12 October 2020 / Accepted: 24 October 2020 / Published: 7 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Technologies for the Energy Systems of the Future)
The world is targeting fully renewable power generation by the middle of the century. Distributed generation is the way to increase the penetration level of renewable energies. This paper presents load frequency control of a hybrid tidal, wind, and wave microgrid to feed an isolated island. This research is a step towards 100% renewable energy communities in remote seas/oceans islands. The wave and tidal generation systems model are presented. The study presents load frequency control through three supplementary control strategies: conventional integrators, fractional order integrator, and non-linear fractional order integrator. All the controllers of the microgrid are designed by using a novel black widow optimization technique. The applied technique is compared to other existing state-of-the-art algorithms. The results show that the black widow non-linear fractional integrator has a better performance over other strategies. Coordination between the unloaded tidal system and blade pitch control of both wind and tidal systems are adopted in the microgrid to utilize the available reserve power for the frequency support. Simulation and optimization studies are performed using the MATLAB/SIMULINK 2017a software application. View Full-Text
Keywords: marine microgrid; tidal generation system; black widow optimization; supplementary control; fractional integrator; non-linear fractional integrator; 100% renewable power generation marine microgrid; tidal generation system; black widow optimization; supplementary control; fractional integrator; non-linear fractional integrator; 100% renewable power generation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fayek, H.H.; Mohammadi-Ivatloo, B. Tidal Supplementary Control Schemes-Based Load Frequency Regulation of a Fully Sustainable Marine Microgrid. Inventions 2020, 5, 53. https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions5040053

AMA Style

Fayek HH, Mohammadi-Ivatloo B. Tidal Supplementary Control Schemes-Based Load Frequency Regulation of a Fully Sustainable Marine Microgrid. Inventions. 2020; 5(4):53. https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions5040053

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fayek, Hady H.; Mohammadi-Ivatloo, Behnam. 2020. "Tidal Supplementary Control Schemes-Based Load Frequency Regulation of a Fully Sustainable Marine Microgrid" Inventions 5, no. 4: 53. https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions5040053

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