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Modeling and Optimization of Energy Hubs: A Comprehensive Review

Chemical Engineering Department, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
Energy Research Institute, Nanyang Technological University ([email protected]), 1 CleanTech Loop, #06-04, Singapore 637141, Singapore
Department of Chemical Engineering, Khalifa University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Inventions 2019, 4(3), 50;
Received: 28 June 2019 / Revised: 11 August 2019 / Accepted: 16 August 2019 / Published: 23 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Grid Integration of Renewable Energy Systems)
The concept of energy hubs has grown in prominence as a part of future energy systems, driven by the spread of Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) and the inception of the smart grid. This paper systematically reviews 200 articles about energy hubs, published from 2007 to 2017, and summarizes them based on their modeling approach, planning and operation, economic and environmental considerations, and energy hub applications. The common applications of energy hubs are considered, such as distributed energy resources, the consideration of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs), and the hydrogen economy. This paper examines modeling approaches towards energy hubs, including storage and its network models; it mentions some of the optimization strategies used to tackle the efficient operation and control of energy hubs. The novelty of this work lies in the classification of research papers related to energy hubs, the development of a generic framework for modeling these multiple energy flow carriers with storage and network considerations, and the provision of solution techniques in line with energy hub optimization. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy hub; modeling and optimization; hydrogen economy; integrated energy systems energy hub; modeling and optimization; hydrogen economy; integrated energy systems
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Maroufmashat, A.; Taqvi, S.T.; Miragha, A.; Fowler, M.; Elkamel, A. Modeling and Optimization of Energy Hubs: A Comprehensive Review. Inventions 2019, 4, 50.

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