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Will the Machine Like Your Image? Automatic Assessment of Beauty in Images with Machine Learning Techniques

by Matteo Bodini
Department of Computer Science, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 18, 20133 Milano, Italy
This paper is an extended version of our paper published in “Bodini, M. Automatic Assessment of the Aesthetic Value of an Image with Machine Learning Techniques. In the Proceedings of the International Conference on ISMAC in Computational Vision and Bio-Engineering 2019 (ISMAC-CVB), Elayampalayam, India, 13–14 March 2019; Springer International Publishing: Cham, Switzerland, 2019; in press”.
Inventions 2019, 4(3), 34; https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions4030034
Received: 7 June 2019 / Revised: 22 June 2019 / Accepted: 23 June 2019 / Published: 28 June 2019
Although the concept of image quality has been a subject of study for the image processing community for more than forty years (where, with the term “quality”, we are referring to the accuracy with which an image processing system captures, processes, stores, compresses, transmits, and displays the signals that compose an image), notions related to aesthetics of photographs and images have only appeared for about ten years within the community. Studies devoted to aesthetics of images are multiplying today, taking advantage of the latest machine learning techniques and mostly due to the proliferation of huge communities and websites, specialized in digital photography sharing and archiving, such as Flickr, Imgur, DeviantArt, and Instagram. In this review, we examine the latest advances of computer methods that aim at computationally distinguishing high-quality from low-quality photos and images, relying on machine learning techniques. The paper is organized as follows: First, we introduce many approaches to aesthetics, studied in philosophy, neurobiology, experimental psychology, and sociology, to see what lighting they propose to researchers. Such points of view let us explain the weakness of the current consensus on the difficult aesthetics problem and the importance of the ongoing debates on it. Then, we analyze the work done in the community of pattern recognition and artificial intelligence on the task of automatic aesthetic assessment, and we both compare and critically examine the presented results. Finally, we describe many issues that have not been addressed, and starting from these, we outline some possible future directions. View Full-Text
Keywords: aesthetics; beauty; machine learning; deep learning; deep neural networks aesthetics; beauty; machine learning; deep learning; deep neural networks
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Bodini, M. Will the Machine Like Your Image? Automatic Assessment of Beauty in Images with Machine Learning Techniques. Inventions 2019, 4, 34.

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