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Inventions 2017, 2(3), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions2030025

Design, Fabrication and Performance Evaluation of an Inter-Row Cultivator for Sugarcane Fields

1
Agricultural Engineering Research Institute, Ladyao, Chajujak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
2
Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8572, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 August 2017 / Revised: 6 September 2017 / Accepted: 7 September 2017 / Published: 12 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Inventions and innovation in Advanced Manufacturing)
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Abstract

The aims of this research were to design and fabricate an inter-row cultivator for mounting on a medium-sized tractor (25.3 or 37.3 kW) for sugarcane fields, and to assess the performance of the cultivator when harvesting is conducted either by hand or with a sugarcane harvester. Moreover, this study was also designed to assess the performance of the cultivator in mixing sugarcane residues in the field. The inter-row cultivator has a working width of 80 cm, a rotor shaft speed of 500 rpm, and a total weight of 518 kg. The cultivator comprises 18 European C-type blades attached to three disk holder flanges arranged in a spiral formation. Two notch-cutting discs were mounted on the front to cut and press the sugarcane leaves before they were chopped and mixed by the inter-row cultivator. The working performance test was conducted for different thicknesses of trash blankets while using the inter-row cultivator mounted on 25.3 kW- and 37.3 kW-size tractors. The effective field capacity for trash incorporation of the inter-row cultivator was 0.30 ha·h−1 when trash was left through harvesting by hand. On the other hand, effective field capacity was 0.31 ha·h−1 when a sugarcane harvester was used. Moreover, the field efficiency exceeded 90% in all tested fields, with greater soil inversion. The results also showed that the fuel consumption of both tractors was higher when harvesting by hand compared with harvesting using a harvester. View Full-Text
Keywords: inter-row cultivator; sugarcane leaves; residue burning; field capacity inter-row cultivator; sugarcane leaves; residue burning; field capacity
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Khaehanchanpong, Y.; Ahamed, T.; Takigawa, T. Design, Fabrication and Performance Evaluation of an Inter-Row Cultivator for Sugarcane Fields. Inventions 2017, 2, 25.

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