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Review

Using In-Situ Laboratory and Synchrotron-Based X-ray Diffraction for Lithium-Ion Batteries Characterization: A Review on Recent Developments

1
Electrochemical Innovation Lab, Department of Chemical Engineering, University College London, London WC1E 7JE, UK
2
The Faraday Institution, Quad One, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot OX11 0RA, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Both authors contributed equally to this work.
Condens. Matter 2020, 5(4), 75; https://doi.org/10.3390/condmat5040075
Received: 14 October 2020 / Revised: 10 November 2020 / Accepted: 12 November 2020 / Published: 16 November 2020
Renewable technologies, and in particular the electric vehicle revolution, have generated tremendous pressure for the improvement of lithium ion battery performance. To meet the increasingly high market demand, challenges include improving the energy density, extending cycle life and enhancing safety. In order to address these issues, a deep understanding of both the physical and chemical changes of battery materials under working conditions is crucial for linking degradation processes to their origins in material properties and their electrochemical signatures. In situ and operando synchrotron-based X-ray techniques provide powerful tools for battery materials research, allowing a deep understanding of structural evolution, redox processes and transport properties during cycling. In this review, in situ synchrotron-based X-ray diffraction methods are discussed in detail with an emphasis on recent advancements in improving the spatial and temporal resolution. The experimental approaches reviewed here include cell designs and materials, as well as beamline experimental setup details. Finally, future challenges and opportunities for battery technologies are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: lithium-ion batteries; in-situ XRD; operando analysis; synchrotron X-ray characterization; battery technology lithium-ion batteries; in-situ XRD; operando analysis; synchrotron X-ray characterization; battery technology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Llewellyn, A.V.; Matruglio, A.; Brett, D.J.L.; Jervis, R.; Shearing, P.R. Using In-Situ Laboratory and Synchrotron-Based X-ray Diffraction for Lithium-Ion Batteries Characterization: A Review on Recent Developments. Condens. Matter 2020, 5, 75. https://doi.org/10.3390/condmat5040075

AMA Style

Llewellyn AV, Matruglio A, Brett DJL, Jervis R, Shearing PR. Using In-Situ Laboratory and Synchrotron-Based X-ray Diffraction for Lithium-Ion Batteries Characterization: A Review on Recent Developments. Condensed Matter. 2020; 5(4):75. https://doi.org/10.3390/condmat5040075

Chicago/Turabian Style

Llewellyn, Alice V., Alessia Matruglio, Dan J.L. Brett, Rhodri Jervis, and Paul R. Shearing 2020. "Using In-Situ Laboratory and Synchrotron-Based X-ray Diffraction for Lithium-Ion Batteries Characterization: A Review on Recent Developments" Condensed Matter 5, no. 4: 75. https://doi.org/10.3390/condmat5040075

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