Iron Speciation in Insoluble Dust from High-Latitude Snow: An X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy Study
AbstractIron is thought to limit the biomass of phytoplankton populations in extensive regions of the ocean, which are referred to as high-nutrient low-chlorophyll (HNLC) regions. Iron speciation in soils is still poorly understood. We have investigated inorganic and organic standard substances, diluted mixtures of common Fe minerals in insoluble dust in snow from the Laohugou No.12 glacier, and sand (including soil and moraine) samples that were collected from western China. The speciation of iron (Fe) in insoluble dust and sand was determined by X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy. A linear fit combination (LCF) analysis of the experimental spectra compared to a large set of reference compounds showed that all spectra can be fitted by only four species: Fe2O3, Fe3O4, biotite, and ferrous oxalate dihydrate (FOD). A significant altitude effect was detected for snow. The proportion of Fe2O3 in snow decreases gradually, and vice versa for FOD. As for Fe3O4 and biotite, the altitude effect was also detected, but separate regions should be considered to be deduced by topography. The Fe species in moraines and soils were also analyzed to identify the source of moraines and the heterogeneity of soils, and were compared with snow. View Full-Text
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Liu, S.; Xiao, C.; Du, Z.; Marcelli, A.; Cibin, G.; Baccolo, G.; Zhu, Y.; Puri, A.; Maggi, V.; Xu, W. Iron Speciation in Insoluble Dust from High-Latitude Snow: An X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy Study. Condens. Matter 2018, 3, 47.
Liu S, Xiao C, Du Z, Marcelli A, Cibin G, Baccolo G, Zhu Y, Puri A, Maggi V, Xu W. Iron Speciation in Insoluble Dust from High-Latitude Snow: An X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy Study. Condensed Matter. 2018; 3(4):47.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liu, Shiwei; Xiao, Cunde; Du, Zhiheng; Marcelli, Augusto; Cibin, Giannantonio; Baccolo, Giovanni; Zhu, Yingcai; Puri, Alessandro; Maggi, Valter; Xu, Wei. 2018. "Iron Speciation in Insoluble Dust from High-Latitude Snow: An X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy Study." Condens. Matter 3, no. 4: 47.
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