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Condens. Matter 2018, 3(4), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/condmat3040029

Perspectives of XRF and XANES Applications in Cryospheric Sciences Using Chinese SR Facilities

1
Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Science, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
3
State Key Laboratory of Land Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, 19 Xinjiekouwai Street, Beijing 100875, China
4
INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Via E. Fermi 40, 00044 Frascati (RM), Italy
5
RICMASS, Rome International Center for Materials Science Superstripes, Via dei Sabelli 119A, 00185 Rome, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 September 2018 / Revised: 29 September 2018 / Accepted: 29 September 2018 / Published: 8 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Condensed Matter Researches in Cryospheric Science)
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Abstract

As an important part of the climate system, the cryosphere, can be studied with a variety of techniques based on laboratory-based or field-portable equipment in order to accumulate data for a better understanding of this portion of the Earth’s surface. The advent of synchrotron radiation (SR) facilities as large scientific interdisciplinary infrastructures has reshaped the scenario of these investigations and, in particular, of condensed matters researches. Many spectroscopic methods allow for characterizing the structure or electronic structure of samples, while the scattering/diffraction methods enable the determination of crystalline structures of either organic or inorganic systems. Moreover, imaging methods offer an unprecedented spatial resolution of samples, revealing their inner structure and morphology. In this contribution, we briefly introduce the SR facilities now available in mainland China, and the perspectives of SR-based methods suitable to investigate ice, snow, aerosols, dust, and other samples of cryospheric origin from deep ice cores, permafrost, filters, etc. The goal is to deepen the understanding in cryospheric sciences through an increased collaboration between the synchrotron radiation community and the scientists working in polar areas or involved in correlated environmental problems. View Full-Text
Keywords: synchrotron radiation; X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy; X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy; trace elements; cryospheric sciences; snow; ice; dust synchrotron radiation; X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy; X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy; trace elements; cryospheric sciences; snow; ice; dust
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Xu, W.; Du, Z.; Liu, S.; Zhu, Y.; Xiao, C.; Marcelli, A. Perspectives of XRF and XANES Applications in Cryospheric Sciences Using Chinese SR Facilities. Condens. Matter 2018, 3, 29.

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