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Methods Protoc. 2018, 1(4), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/mps1040045

Influence of Metabolite Extraction Methods on 1H-NMR-Based Metabolomic Profiling of Enteropathogenic Yersinia

1
Department of Pathobiology, Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL 36088, USA
2
Department of Chemistry, Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL 36088, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 August 2018 / Revised: 8 November 2018 / Accepted: 15 November 2018 / Published: 20 November 2018
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Abstract

Metabolite extraction is one of the critical steps in microbial metabolome analysis. It affects both the observed metabolite content and biological interpretation of the data. Several methods exist for metabolite extraction of microbes, but the literature is not consistent regarding the sample model, adequacy, and performance of each method. In this study, an optimal extraction protocol for Yersinia intracellular metabolites was investigated. The effect of five extraction protocols consisting of different extraction solvent systems (60% methanol, 100% methanol, acetonitrile/methanol/water (2:2:1), chloroform/methanol/water (2:1:1), and 60% ethanol) on Yersinia metabolic profiles were compared. The number of detected peaks, sample-to-sample variation, and metabolite yield were used as criteria. Extracted metabolites were analyzed by 1H-NMR and principal component analysis (PCA), as well as partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) multivariate statistics. The extraction protocol using 100% methanol as the extraction solvent provided the highest number of detected peaks for both Yersinia species analyzed, yielding more spectral information. Together with the reproducibility and spectrum quality, 100% methanol extraction was suitable for intracellular metabolite extraction from both species. However, depending on the metabolites of interest, other solvents might be more suitable for future studies, as distinct profiles were observed amongst the extraction methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: nuclear magnetic resonance; metabolomics; metabolite extraction methods; Yersinia nuclear magnetic resonance; metabolomics; metabolite extraction methods; Yersinia
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Gines, B.R.; Collier, W.E.; Abdalla, M.A.; Yehualaeshet, T. Influence of Metabolite Extraction Methods on 1H-NMR-Based Metabolomic Profiling of Enteropathogenic Yersinia. Methods Protoc. 2018, 1, 45.

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