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Article

The Importance of Correlation between CBCT Analysis of Bone Density and Primary Stability When Choosing the Design of Dental Implants—Ex Vivo Study

1
Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Montenegro, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro
2
Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Pristina, 38220 Kosovska Mitrovica, Serbia
3
Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac, 34000 Kragujevac, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Emilio Quaia
Tomography 2022, 8(3), 1293-1306; https://doi.org/10.3390/tomography8030107
Received: 12 April 2022 / Revised: 7 May 2022 / Accepted: 9 May 2022 / Published: 11 May 2022
This study aims to determine the correlation between the mean value of bone density measured on the CBCT device and the primary stability of dental implants determined by resonant frequency analysis. An experimental study was conducted on a material of animal origin: bovine femur and pig ribs. Two types of implants were used in this study: self-tapping and non-self-tapping of the same dimensions. Results of the experimental study showed a statistically significant correlation between bone density expressed in HU units and the primary stability of self-tapping and non-self- tapping dental implants expressed in ISQ units in bovine femur bones and self-tapping implants and pig rib bones. There was no statistically significant correlation between non-self-tapping dental implants in pig rib bones. Self-tapping and non-self-tapping implants did not show statistical significance in the primary stability in bones of different qualities. The analysis of bone density from CBCT images in the software of the apparatus expressed in HU units can be used to predict the degree of primary stability of self-tapping and non-self-tapping dental implants in bones of densities D1 and D2, and self-tapping dental implants in bones of the lower quality D4. View Full-Text
Keywords: bone density; CBCT; primary stability; osseointegration; dental implants bone density; CBCT; primary stability; osseointegration; dental implants
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mikic, M.; Vlahovic, Z.; Stevanović, M.; Arsic, Z.; Mladenovic, R. The Importance of Correlation between CBCT Analysis of Bone Density and Primary Stability When Choosing the Design of Dental Implants—Ex Vivo Study. Tomography 2022, 8, 1293-1306. https://doi.org/10.3390/tomography8030107

AMA Style

Mikic M, Vlahovic Z, Stevanović M, Arsic Z, Mladenovic R. The Importance of Correlation between CBCT Analysis of Bone Density and Primary Stability When Choosing the Design of Dental Implants—Ex Vivo Study. Tomography. 2022; 8(3):1293-1306. https://doi.org/10.3390/tomography8030107

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mikic, Mirko, Zoran Vlahovic, Momir Stevanović, Zoran Arsic, and Rasa Mladenovic. 2022. "The Importance of Correlation between CBCT Analysis of Bone Density and Primary Stability When Choosing the Design of Dental Implants—Ex Vivo Study" Tomography 8, no. 3: 1293-1306. https://doi.org/10.3390/tomography8030107

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