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Essay

Identification of Non-Traumatic Bone Marrow Oedema: The Pearls and Pitfalls of Dual-Energy CT (DECT)

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Department of Radiology, IRCCS Sacro Cuore Don Calabria Hospital, 37042 Negrar, Italy
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Department of Anesthesia and Analgesic Therapy, IRCCS Sacro Cuore Don Calabria Hospital, 37042 Negrar, Italy
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Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, IRCCS Sacro Cuore Don Calabria Hospital, 37042 Negrar, Italy
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Centre for Tropical Diseases, IRCCS Sacro Cuore Don Calabria Hospital, 37042 Negrar, Italy
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Department of Oncology, IRCCS Sacro Cuore Don Calabria Hospital, 37042 Negrar, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Lubomir Hadjiiski
Tomography 2021, 7(3), 387-396; https://doi.org/10.3390/tomography7030034
Received: 16 June 2021 / Revised: 9 August 2021 / Accepted: 16 August 2021 / Published: 26 August 2021
Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) is an imaging technique widely used in traumatic settings to diagnose bone marrow oedema (BME). This paper describes the role of DECT in diagnosing BME in non-traumatic settings by evaluating its reliability in analyzing some of the most common painful syndromes. In particular, with an illustrative approach, the paper describes the possible use of DECT for the evaluation of osteochondral lesions of the knee and of the ankle, avascular necrosis of the hip, non-traumatic stress fractures, and other inflammatory and infectious disorders of the bones. View Full-Text
Keywords: computed tomography; bone marrow; avascular necrosis; inflammation; infection computed tomography; bone marrow; avascular necrosis; inflammation; infection
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MDPI and ACS Style

Foti, G.; Serra, G.; Iacono, V.; Marocco, S.; Bertoli, G.; Gori, S.; Zorzi, C. Identification of Non-Traumatic Bone Marrow Oedema: The Pearls and Pitfalls of Dual-Energy CT (DECT). Tomography 2021, 7, 387-396. https://doi.org/10.3390/tomography7030034

AMA Style

Foti G, Serra G, Iacono V, Marocco S, Bertoli G, Gori S, Zorzi C. Identification of Non-Traumatic Bone Marrow Oedema: The Pearls and Pitfalls of Dual-Energy CT (DECT). Tomography. 2021; 7(3):387-396. https://doi.org/10.3390/tomography7030034

Chicago/Turabian Style

Foti, Giovanni, Gerardo Serra, Venanzio Iacono, Stefania Marocco, Giulia Bertoli, Stefania Gori, and Claudio Zorzi. 2021. "Identification of Non-Traumatic Bone Marrow Oedema: The Pearls and Pitfalls of Dual-Energy CT (DECT)" Tomography 7, no. 3: 387-396. https://doi.org/10.3390/tomography7030034

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