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Open AccessArticle

Study on the Heat Reduction Effect of Biomimetic Unidirectional Transporting Channels Inspired by Nepenthes alata

by Yixuan Zhang 1,2, Deyuan Zhang 1,2,3, Dongyue Wang 1,2 and Xiangyu Zhang 1,2,3,*
1
School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Beihang University, Beijing 100091, China
2
Institute of Bionic and Micro-Nano Systems, Beihang University, Beijing 100091, China
3
Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Biomedical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100091, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biomimetics 2019, 4(4), 70; https://doi.org/10.3390/biomimetics4040070
Received: 29 June 2019 / Revised: 28 September 2019 / Accepted: 30 September 2019 / Published: 15 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from ICBE2019)
Heat control has been a momentous problem in engineering areas which include manufacturing, aeronautics, microchips and so forth for a considerable amount of time. The control of material for thermal deformation, effective cooling are the key components of the aero crafts and compactly laid out microchips are urgently needed for improvement. In a micro-scale, researchers are mainly focused on the mechanism, design, improvement and heat transfer of straight channels other than developing other types of channels. A previous study on the carnivorous plant, Nepenthes alata, indicates that the water can be transported continuously and directionally on the surface of the rim of the pitcher because of its multi-scale structures. Meanwhile, the transporting speed is much higher than what was thought previously. Inspired by this unique phenomenon, the heat management ability of this biological micro channel is investigated in this research. Firstly, based on existing studies, the features of the biological channels are extracted. Then, the unidirectional channels are designed and fabricated by elliptical vibration cutting accordingly. The experimental platform for thermal control was established consequently. Both bio-inspired and straight triangular channels of the same depth and width were set for comparison. Through the comparative experiments, it is concluded preliminarily that the critical point of heat transfer performance of the two channels exists, and the biomimetic structure can improve and strengthen the cooling effects at a large flow rate because of the unique geometric structure. The temperature reduction of the bio-inspired channels can be increased by up to 84 percent compared with straight channels in a single experiment when heated up to 150 centigrade. View Full-Text
Keywords: heat management; cooling; micro channels; directional water transport heat management; cooling; micro channels; directional water transport
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Zhang, Y.; Zhang, D.; Wang, D.; Zhang, X. Study on the Heat Reduction Effect of Biomimetic Unidirectional Transporting Channels Inspired by Nepenthes alata. Biomimetics 2019, 4, 70.

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