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Review

Factors Influencing Attenuating Skill Decay in High-Risk Industries: A Scoping Review

1
Department of Work, Organizational, and Business Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany
2
Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training, Robert-Schuman-Platz 3, 53175 Bonn, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Raphael Grzebieta
Safety 2022, 8(2), 22; https://doi.org/10.3390/safety8020022
Received: 30 August 2021 / Revised: 18 March 2022 / Accepted: 24 March 2022 / Published: 28 March 2022
The infrequent use of skills relevant in non-routine situations in highly automated and high-risk industries is a major safety issue. The infrequent use of skills can lead to skill decay. Research on skill decay has a long history, but not much is known about the relevant factors and refresher interventions to attenuate skill decay in highly automated environments. In the present study, a scoping review was conducted to determine whether the well-known factors in skill decay research are also relevant for complex cognitive skill decay and to identify refresher interventions that are deemed effective for attenuating decay. A scoping review aims at identifying, summarizing, and mapping the body of literature on a given topic. Searches in electronic databases, including PsycArticles, PsyINFO, and Psyndex, via EBSCOhost and Web of Science and Google Scholar were conducted, and documents were analyzed regarding the research question, which resulted in n = 58 studies. The findings demonstrate the relevance of task characteristics and method-related (cognitive-based, behavioral-based training) and person-related factors (e.g., cognitive ability, experience, motivation) to mitigate decay. Additionally, the results demonstrate that minor refresher interventions are effective at attenuating complex cognitive skill decay. Implications for industry and training providers that aim to implement training and refresher interventions to attenuate skill decay in high-risk industries are provided. Researchers may use the information about the influences of person- and method-related factors, task characteristics, and refresher interventions presented in this scoping review as a starting point to conduct further empirical research by taking skill acquisition, retention, and transfer into account. View Full-Text
Keywords: automation; non-routine situation; complex cognitive skill; skill acquisition; skill deterioration; skill decay; skill loss; skill transfer; refresher automation; non-routine situation; complex cognitive skill; skill acquisition; skill deterioration; skill decay; skill loss; skill transfer; refresher
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MDPI and ACS Style

Klostermann, M.; Conein, S.; Felkl, T.; Kluge, A. Factors Influencing Attenuating Skill Decay in High-Risk Industries: A Scoping Review. Safety 2022, 8, 22. https://doi.org/10.3390/safety8020022

AMA Style

Klostermann M, Conein S, Felkl T, Kluge A. Factors Influencing Attenuating Skill Decay in High-Risk Industries: A Scoping Review. Safety. 2022; 8(2):22. https://doi.org/10.3390/safety8020022

Chicago/Turabian Style

Klostermann, Marina, Stephanie Conein, Thomas Felkl, and Annette Kluge. 2022. "Factors Influencing Attenuating Skill Decay in High-Risk Industries: A Scoping Review" Safety 8, no. 2: 22. https://doi.org/10.3390/safety8020022

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