Next Article in Journal
Are Traffic Announcements Really Effective? A Systematic Review of Evaluations of Crash-Prevention Communication Campaigns
Previous Article in Journal
State of the Art and Challenges for Occupational Health and Safety Performance Evaluation Tools

Bus Crash Severity in Hanoi, Vietnam

Faculty of Transport—Economics, University of Transport and Communications, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
AME-DEST, Université Gustave Eiffel, IFSTTAR, F-77447 Marne-la-Vallée, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Raphael Grzebieta
Safety 2021, 7(3), 65;
Received: 9 August 2021 / Revised: 14 September 2021 / Accepted: 16 September 2021 / Published: 21 September 2021
Recently, there has been an increasing interest in targeting the safety of bus operations worldwide; however, little is known about the determinants of the bus crash severity in developing countries. By estimating an ordered logit model using the bus-involved collision data in Hanoi (Vietnam), spanning the period from 2015 to 2019, this study investigates various factors associated with the crash severity. The results reveal that the severity risk increases for (1) large buses, (2) raining conditions, (3) evening or night, (4) sparse traffic, (5) non-urban areas, (6) roads with at least three lanes, (7) curved roads, (8) two-way roads without a physical barrier, (9) head-on collision, and (10) pedestrian-related crashes. Aside from confirming the crucial roles of a wide range of factors, this research has examined the effects of two determinants (traffic density and crash area) that have not been considered for the cases of developing countries previously. Based on the findings on the impacts of factors, a series of policy recommendations regarding improving road conditions in non-urban areas, promoting walking infrastructure, reminders of high-risk situations for drivers, safety notes when improving bus service quality, and recording bus-related crashes are proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: bus crash; bus safety; severity; crash modeling; bus collision; Vietnam; developing countries bus crash; bus safety; severity; crash modeling; bus collision; Vietnam; developing countries
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Nguyen, T.C.; Nguyen, M.H.; Armoogum, J.; Ha, T.T. Bus Crash Severity in Hanoi, Vietnam. Safety 2021, 7, 65.

AMA Style

Nguyen TC, Nguyen MH, Armoogum J, Ha TT. Bus Crash Severity in Hanoi, Vietnam. Safety. 2021; 7(3):65.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nguyen, Thanh C., Minh H. Nguyen, Jimmy Armoogum, and Thanh T. Ha 2021. "Bus Crash Severity in Hanoi, Vietnam" Safety 7, no. 3: 65.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop