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Article

Bus Crash Severity in Hanoi, Vietnam

1
Faculty of Transport—Economics, University of Transport and Communications, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
2
AME-DEST, Université Gustave Eiffel, IFSTTAR, F-77447 Marne-la-Vallée, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Raphael Grzebieta
Safety 2021, 7(3), 65; https://doi.org/10.3390/safety7030065
Received: 9 August 2021 / Revised: 14 September 2021 / Accepted: 16 September 2021 / Published: 21 September 2021
Recently, there has been an increasing interest in targeting the safety of bus operations worldwide; however, little is known about the determinants of the bus crash severity in developing countries. By estimating an ordered logit model using the bus-involved collision data in Hanoi (Vietnam), spanning the period from 2015 to 2019, this study investigates various factors associated with the crash severity. The results reveal that the severity risk increases for (1) large buses, (2) raining conditions, (3) evening or night, (4) sparse traffic, (5) non-urban areas, (6) roads with at least three lanes, (7) curved roads, (8) two-way roads without a physical barrier, (9) head-on collision, and (10) pedestrian-related crashes. Aside from confirming the crucial roles of a wide range of factors, this research has examined the effects of two determinants (traffic density and crash area) that have not been considered for the cases of developing countries previously. Based on the findings on the impacts of factors, a series of policy recommendations regarding improving road conditions in non-urban areas, promoting walking infrastructure, reminders of high-risk situations for drivers, safety notes when improving bus service quality, and recording bus-related crashes are proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: bus crash; bus safety; severity; crash modeling; bus collision; Vietnam; developing countries bus crash; bus safety; severity; crash modeling; bus collision; Vietnam; developing countries
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nguyen, T.C.; Nguyen, M.H.; Armoogum, J.; Ha, T.T. Bus Crash Severity in Hanoi, Vietnam. Safety 2021, 7, 65. https://doi.org/10.3390/safety7030065

AMA Style

Nguyen TC, Nguyen MH, Armoogum J, Ha TT. Bus Crash Severity in Hanoi, Vietnam. Safety. 2021; 7(3):65. https://doi.org/10.3390/safety7030065

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nguyen, Thanh C., Minh H. Nguyen, Jimmy Armoogum, and Thanh T. Ha 2021. "Bus Crash Severity in Hanoi, Vietnam" Safety 7, no. 3: 65. https://doi.org/10.3390/safety7030065

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