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Open AccessArticle

Integration of Safety in IFMIF-DONES Design

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Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), Avenida Complutense, 40, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Empresarios Agrupados Internacional, Magallanes, 3, 28015 Madrid, Spain
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Agenzia nazionale per le nuove tecnologie, l’energia e lo sviluppo económico sostenibile ENEA—Fusion Technology Laboratory, Vía Enrico Fermi 45, I-00044 Frascati, Italy
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Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany
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Escuela T. Superior de Ingenieros Industriales, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), C/Juan del Rosal, 12, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd., Kemistintie 3, FI-02044 Espoo, Finland
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National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ), Centre of Excellence MANHAZ, A. Soltana 7, 05-400 Otwock-Swierk, Poland
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Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), Escuela T. Superior de Ingenieros Industriales, C/José Gutiérrez Abascal, 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Safety 2019, 5(4), 74; https://doi.org/10.3390/safety5040074
Received: 11 June 2019 / Revised: 1 October 2019 / Accepted: 21 October 2019 / Published: 25 October 2019
The IFMIF-DONES (International Fusion Material Irradiation Facility-DEMO Oriented NEutron Source) facility is being designed with the general objective of providing irradiation of representative samples of power fusion machine materials under prototypical conditions. A linear accelerator will deliver deuterons at high intensity to circulating lithium in a loop, which will produce neutrons capable of obtaining the required damage conditions. As a result of this process, radionuclides will be produced as a by-product, which is characterized by several degrees of mobility. Shielding and radiation protection measures will be required in the facility. IFMIF-DONES will be classified as a first class radioactive facility according to national regulations, with Spain being the European candidate to site the facility. Several aspects of the main safety instructions affecting the facility’s design are explained and discussed in this paper.
Keywords: IFMIF-DONES; safety; regulatory requirements; linear accelerator; fusion IFMIF-DONES; safety; regulatory requirements; linear accelerator; fusion
MDPI and ACS Style

Martín-Fuertes, F.; García, M.E.; Fernández, P.; Cortés, Á.; D’Ovidio, G.; Fernández, E.; Pinna, T.; Porfiri, M.T.; Fischer, U.; Ogando, F.; Mota, F.; Qiu, Y.; Helminen, A.; Potempski, S.; Gallego, E.; Ibarra, Á. Integration of Safety in IFMIF-DONES Design. Safety 2019, 5, 74.

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