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Safety 2018, 4(3), 33; https://doi.org/10.3390/safety4030033

Gulf of Mexico Seafood Harvesters: Part 3. Potential Occupational Risk Reduction Measures

1
Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
2
Southeastern Coastal Center for Agricultural Health and Safety, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
3
Land Grant Program and State Extension Specialist for Aquaculture, Kentucky State University, Frankfort, KY 40601, USA
4
Department of Environmental and Global Health, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 May 2018 / Revised: 18 July 2018 / Accepted: 23 July 2018 / Published: 2 August 2018
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Abstract

1. Background: Fishers face many occupational hazards that include a high risk of fatal and nonfatal injuries and a variety of adverse health effects. Our purpose is to provide an overview of potential countermeasures for the control of hazards that threaten the health and safety of Gulf of Mexico (GoM) fish harvesters. 2. Method: Search terms were used to identify relevant literature; two previous reviews regarding injuries and health risk factors also inform this review. 3. Results: Countermeasures against these hazards include winch guards, lifting devices, job redesign, non-slip decks and vessel stability controls as well as using personal flotation devices, wearing gloves and high-friction footwear, increasing sleep time and using vessel motion to assist lifting. Knowledge about secondary prevention (such as rescue, first aid and making mayday calls) is also important. Learning through experience is a crucial factor that incorporates other fishers’ experiences with innovations. Fatigue and lack of sleep contribute to vessel disasters and injury-related errors. 4. Conclusions: The prevention of injuries and diseases among GoM fishers depends on a combination of focusing on work-processes, instilling a broader safety culture, engineering controls, identifying and sharing fisher innovations, promoting fall overboard prevention and protection and providing culture-based incentives, training and narrative outreach. View Full-Text
Keywords: countermeasures; fishing; aquaculture; prevention; safety; engineering controls; training; personal protective device; ergonomics; safety countermeasures; fishing; aquaculture; prevention; safety; engineering controls; training; personal protective device; ergonomics; safety
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Myers, M.L.; Durborow, R.M.; Kane, A.S. Gulf of Mexico Seafood Harvesters: Part 3. Potential Occupational Risk Reduction Measures. Safety 2018, 4, 33.

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