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Open AccessArticle

Factors Influencing Learner Permit Duration

Center for Injury Research and Policy, Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Department of Health and Exercise Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
Health Behavior Branch, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD 20817, USA
Virginia Tech Transportation Institute, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Raphael Grzebieta
Received: 13 May 2016 / Revised: 18 November 2016 / Accepted: 13 December 2016 / Published: 22 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Driver/Rider Training)
An increasing number of countries are requiring an extended learner permit prior to independent driving. The question of when drivers begin the learner permit period, and how long they hold the permit before advancing to independent licensure has received little research attention. Licensure timing is likely to be related to “push” and “pull” factors which may encourage or inhibit the process. To examine this question, we recruited a sample of 90 novice drivers (49 females and 41 males, average age of 15.6 years) soon after they obtained a learner permit and instrumented their vehicles to collect a range of driving data. Participants completed a series of surveys at recruitment related to factors that may influence licensure timing. Two distinct findings emerged from the time-to-event analysis that tested these push and pull factors in relation to licensure timing. The first can be conceptualized as teens’ motivation to drive (push), reflected in a younger age when obtaining a learner permit and extensive pre-permit driving experience. The second finding was teens’ perceptions of their parents’ knowledge of their activities (pull); a proxy for a parents’ attentiveness to their teens’ lives. Teens who reported higher levels of their parents’ knowledge of their activities took longer to advance to independent driving. These findings suggest time-to-licensure may be related to teens’ internal motivation to drive, and the ability of parents to facilitate or impede early licensure. View Full-Text
Keywords: novice teenage drivers; parents; learner permit; licensure novice teenage drivers; parents; learner permit; licensure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ehsani, J.P.; Li, K.; Grant, B.J.B.; Gershon, P.; Klauer, S.G.; Dingus, T.A.; Simons-Morton, B. Factors Influencing Learner Permit Duration. Safety 2017, 3, 2.

AMA Style

Ehsani JP, Li K, Grant BJB, Gershon P, Klauer SG, Dingus TA, Simons-Morton B. Factors Influencing Learner Permit Duration. Safety. 2017; 3(1):2.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ehsani, Johnathon P.; Li, Kaigang; Grant, Brydon J.B.; Gershon, Pnina; Klauer, Shelia G.; Dingus, Thomas A.; Simons-Morton, Bruce. 2017. "Factors Influencing Learner Permit Duration" Safety 3, no. 1: 2.

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