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Article

A Benchmark Evaluation of Adaptive Image Compression for Multi Picture Object Stereoscopic Images

1
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Catania, 95125 Catania, Italy
2
STMicroelectronics, ADG Group—Central R&D, 95121 Catania, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Roman Starosolski and Kuo-Liang Chung
J. Imaging 2021, 7(8), 160; https://doi.org/10.3390/jimaging7080160
Received: 5 July 2021 / Revised: 3 August 2021 / Accepted: 18 August 2021 / Published: 23 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New and Specialized Methods of Image Compression)
A stereopair consists of two pictures related to the same subject taken by two different points of view. Since the two images contain a high amount of redundant information, new compression approaches and data formats are continuously proposed, which aim to reduce the space needed to store a stereoscopic image while preserving its quality. A standard for multi-picture image encoding is represented by the MPO format (Multi-Picture Object). The classic stereoscopic image compression approaches compute a disparity map between the two views, which is stored with one of the two views together with a residual image. An alternative approach, named adaptive stereoscopic image compression, encodes just the two views independently with different quality factors. Then, the redundancy between the two views is exploited to enhance the low quality image. In this paper, the problem of stereoscopic image compression is presented, with a focus on the adaptive stereoscopic compression approach, which allows us to obtain a standardized format of the compressed data. The paper presents a benchmark evaluation on large and standardized datasets including 60 stereopairs that differ by resolution and acquisition technique. The method is evaluated by varying the amount of compression, as well as the matching and optimization methods resulting in 16 different settings. The adaptive approach is also compared with other MPO-compliant methods. The paper also presents an Human Visual System (HVS)-based assessment experiment which involved 116 people in order to verify the perceived quality of the decoded images. View Full-Text
Keywords: stereoscopy; stereoscopic image compression; multi-picture object; image encoding stereoscopy; stereoscopic image compression; multi-picture object; image encoding
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ortis, A.; Grisanti, M.; Rundo, F.; Battiato, S. A Benchmark Evaluation of Adaptive Image Compression for Multi Picture Object Stereoscopic Images. J. Imaging 2021, 7, 160. https://doi.org/10.3390/jimaging7080160

AMA Style

Ortis A, Grisanti M, Rundo F, Battiato S. A Benchmark Evaluation of Adaptive Image Compression for Multi Picture Object Stereoscopic Images. Journal of Imaging. 2021; 7(8):160. https://doi.org/10.3390/jimaging7080160

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ortis, Alessandro, Marco Grisanti, Francesco Rundo, and Sebastiano Battiato. 2021. "A Benchmark Evaluation of Adaptive Image Compression for Multi Picture Object Stereoscopic Images" Journal of Imaging 7, no. 8: 160. https://doi.org/10.3390/jimaging7080160

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