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J. Imaging 2018, 4(6), 73; https://doi.org/10.3390/jimaging4060073

Efficient Implementation of Gaussian and Laplacian Kernels for Feature Extraction from IP Fisheye Cameras

Department of Computer Science and Biomedical Informatics, University of Thessaly, Lamia 35131, Greece
Received: 1 May 2018 / Revised: 15 May 2018 / Accepted: 17 May 2018 / Published: 24 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Image Based Information Retrieval from the Web)
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Abstract

The Gaussian kernel, its partial derivatives and the Laplacian kernel, applied at different image scales, play a very important role in image processing and in feature extraction from images. Although they have been extensively studied in the case of images acquired by projective cameras, this is not the case for cameras with fisheye lenses. This type of cameras is becoming very popular, since it exhibits a Field of View of 180 degrees. The model of fisheye image formation differs substantially from the simple projective transformation, causing straight lines to be imaged as curves. Thus the traditional kernels used for processing images acquired by projective cameras, are not optimal for fisheye images. This work uses the calibration of the acquiring fisheye camera to define a geodesic metric for distance between pixels in fisheye images and subsequently redefines the Gaussian kernel, its partial derivatives, as well as the Laplacian kernel. Finally, algorithms for applying in the spatial domain these kernels, as well as the Harris corner detector, are proposed, using efficient computational implementations. Comparative results are shown, in terms of correctness of image processing, efficiency of application for multi scale processing, as well as salient point extraction. Thus we conclude that the proposed algorithms allow the efficient application of standard processing and analysis techniques of fisheye images, in the spatial domain, once the calibration of the specific camera is available. View Full-Text
Keywords: Gaussian; Laplacian kernels; multi-resolution image processing; Harris corner detection; spatial domain; fisheye image; camera calibration Gaussian; Laplacian kernels; multi-resolution image processing; Harris corner detection; spatial domain; fisheye image; camera calibration
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Delibasis, K.K. Efficient Implementation of Gaussian and Laplacian Kernels for Feature Extraction from IP Fisheye Cameras. J. Imaging 2018, 4, 73.

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