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J. Imaging 2017, 3(4), 40; https://doi.org/10.3390/jimaging3040040

The Academy Color Encoding System (ACES): A Professional Color-Management Framework for Production, Post-Production and Archival of Still and Motion Pictures

1
CISSP, Media and Entertainment Technology Consultant, 00100 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, John Cabot University, 00165 Rome, Italy
3
Agency for Digital Italy (AgID), 00144 Rome, Italy
Received: 24 July 2017 / Revised: 12 September 2017 / Accepted: 13 September 2017 / Published: 21 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Color Image Processing)
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Abstract

The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences has been pivotal in the inception, design and later adoption of a vendor-agnostic and open framework for color management, the Academy Color Encoding System (ACES), targeting theatrical, TV and animation features, but also still-photography and image preservation at large. For this reason, the Academy gathered an interdisciplinary group of scientists, technologists, and creatives, to contribute to it so that it is scientifically sound and technically advantageous in solving practical and interoperability problems in the current film production, postproduction and visual-effects (VFX) ecosystem—all while preserving and future-proofing the cinematographers’ and artists’ creative intent as its main objective. In this paper, a review of ACES’ technical specifications is provided, as well as the current status of the project and a recent use case is given, namely that of the first Italian production embracing an end-to-end ACES pipeline. In addition, new ACES components will be introduced and a discussion started about possible uses for long-time preservation of color imaging in video-content heritage. View Full-Text
Keywords: ACES; scene-referred; output-referred; color gamut; transfer characteristic; reference rendering transform; look modification transform; color look-up table; ColorLUT; Color Decision List; technicolor; primaries; illuminant; white point; film look; VFX; Input Transform; Output Transform; RRT; LMT; interoperable master format; CLUT; LUT; CDL; IMF ACES; scene-referred; output-referred; color gamut; transfer characteristic; reference rendering transform; look modification transform; color look-up table; ColorLUT; Color Decision List; technicolor; primaries; illuminant; white point; film look; VFX; Input Transform; Output Transform; RRT; LMT; interoperable master format; CLUT; LUT; CDL; IMF
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Arrighetti, W. The Academy Color Encoding System (ACES): A Professional Color-Management Framework for Production, Post-Production and Archival of Still and Motion Pictures. J. Imaging 2017, 3, 40.

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