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Open AccessArticle

Lifetime Prediction of Lithium-Ion Capacitors Based on Accelerated Aging Tests

Univ Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Ecole Centrale de Lyon, INSA Lyon, CNRS, Ampère, F-69100 Villeurbanne, France
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Batteries 2019, 5(1), 28; https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries5010028
Received: 18 December 2018 / Revised: 12 February 2019 / Accepted: 26 February 2019 / Published: 5 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Batteries and Supercapacitors Aging)
Lithium-ion Capacitors (LiCs) that have intermediate properties between lithium-ion batteries and supercapacitors are still considered as a new technology whose aging is not well studied in the literature. This paper presents the results of accelerated aging tests applied on 12 samples of LiCs. Two high temperatures (60 °C and 70 °C) and two voltage values were used for aging acceleration for 20 months. The maximum and the minimum voltages (3.8 V and 2.2 V respectively) had different effects on capacitance fade. Cells aging at 2.2 V encountered extreme decrease of the capacitance. After storing them for only one month at 60 °C, they lost around 22% of their initial capacitance. For this reason, an aging model was developed for cells aging at the lowest voltage value to emphasize the huge decrease of the lifetime at this voltage condition. Moreover, two measurement tools of the capacitance were compared to find the optimal method for following the evolution of the aging process. It was proved that electrochemical impedance spectroscopy is the most accurate measurement technique that can reveal the actual level of degradation inside a LiC cell. View Full-Text
Keywords: lithium-ion capacitor; aging model; langmuir isotherm; lifetime prediction; aging mechanisms; calendar aging; floating aging lithium-ion capacitor; aging model; langmuir isotherm; lifetime prediction; aging mechanisms; calendar aging; floating aging
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El Ghossein, N.; Sari, A.; Venet, P. Lifetime Prediction of Lithium-Ion Capacitors Based on Accelerated Aging Tests. Batteries 2019, 5, 28.

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