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Batteries 2018, 4(3), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries4030039

Olivine Positive Electrodes for Li-Ion Batteries: Status and Perspectives

Sorbonne Université, Campus Pierre et Marie Curie, Institut de Minéralogie, de Physique des Matériaux et de Cosmochimie (IMPMC), CNRS UMR 7590, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris, France
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Received: 18 July 2018 / Revised: 10 August 2018 / Accepted: 14 August 2018 / Published: 17 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries)
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Abstract

Among the compounds of the olivine family, LiMPO4 with M = Fe, Mn, Ni, or Co, only LiFePO4 is currently used as the active element of positive electrodes in lithium-ion batteries. However, intensive research devoted to other elements of the family has recently been successful in significantly improving their electrochemical performance, so that some of them are now promising for application in the battery industry and outperform LiFePO4 in terms of energy density, a key parameter for use in electric vehicles in particular. The purpose of this review is to acknowledge the current state of the art and the progress that has been made recently on all the elements of the family and their solid solutions. We also discuss the results from the perspective of their potential application in the industry of Li-ion batteries. View Full-Text
Keywords: olivines; cathodes; lithium-ion batteries olivines; cathodes; lithium-ion batteries
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Mauger, A.; Julien, C.M. Olivine Positive Electrodes for Li-Ion Batteries: Status and Perspectives. Batteries 2018, 4, 39.

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