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Article

Phytochemicals, Proximate Composition, Mineral Analysis and In Vitro Antioxidant Activity of Calligonum crinitum Boiss

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Department of Integrative Agriculture, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain P.O. Box 15551, United Arab Emirates
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Senior Extension Officer in Agriculture Affairs—Technical Services, Agricultural Extension Section, Abu Dhabi Agriculture and Food Safety Authority (ADAFSA), Abu Dhabi P.O. Box 52150, United Arab Emirates
3
College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain P.O. Box 15551, United Arab Emirates
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jelena Popović-Djordjević and Luiz Fernando Cappa de Oliveira
Horticulturae 2022, 8(2), 156; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae8020156
Received: 4 November 2021 / Revised: 4 December 2021 / Accepted: 6 December 2021 / Published: 11 February 2022
Medicinal herbs are potential sources of biomolecules and their analogues that have great relevance in the preparation of modern medicines. Calligonum crinitum, a perennial shrub growing in the United Arab Emirates, has been utilized in the study to validate the therapeutic properties exploited in the traditional medicinal system of UAE. The phytochemical screening of the plant employing different solvents of methanolics and ethyl-acetates, expressed varied proportions of monosaccharides and carbohydrates along with tannins and saponins, which are high potency molecules for therapeutic applications. The presence of total phenol and flavonoid contents derived from methanolic extracts indicates antioxidant potentials and the defense mechanisms of the plant. Proximate and mineral nutrient analysis validates the significance of the extracts with a high amount of carbohydrates and proteins along with significantly high amounts of Zn, Fe, Mn, Ca, Mg and K involved in various metabolic reactions. Similarly, the ABTS radical scavenging activity varied significantly (p < 0.05) and ranged from 10 to 160 µg GAE/g in the methanolic extract. DPPH free radical scavenging activity exhibited a significantly high DPPH activity in methanolic extracts with free radical scavenging activity of 72%. Hydroxyl radicals scavenging activity was also found to be high in the Calligonum extracts along with SOD (49–83%, compared to the standard GAE 37–58%). Nitric oxide scavenging was also found to be high in the extracts, thereby decreasing the content of NO. Thus, our results confirm that the derived extracts have potential antioxidants, and this legitimizes their use in folkloric medicine. These results are highly significant as they can pave the way for future scientific validation of the traditional knowledge of this important medicinal plant. View Full-Text
Keywords: phytochemical; Calligonum crinitum; antioxidants; traditional medicinal plants; secondary metabolites; biological activities phytochemical; Calligonum crinitum; antioxidants; traditional medicinal plants; secondary metabolites; biological activities
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MDPI and ACS Style

Naqbi, K.M.A.A.; Karthishwaran, K.; Kurup, S.S.; Abdul Muhsen Alyafei, M.; Jaleel, A. Phytochemicals, Proximate Composition, Mineral Analysis and In Vitro Antioxidant Activity of Calligonum crinitum Boiss. Horticulturae 2022, 8, 156. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae8020156

AMA Style

Naqbi KMAA, Karthishwaran K, Kurup SS, Abdul Muhsen Alyafei M, Jaleel A. Phytochemicals, Proximate Composition, Mineral Analysis and In Vitro Antioxidant Activity of Calligonum crinitum Boiss. Horticulturae. 2022; 8(2):156. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae8020156

Chicago/Turabian Style

Naqbi, Khalfan Mohamed Abdulla Al, Kandhan Karthishwaran, Shyam Sreedhara Kurup, Mohammed Abdul Muhsen Alyafei, and Abdul Jaleel. 2022. "Phytochemicals, Proximate Composition, Mineral Analysis and In Vitro Antioxidant Activity of Calligonum crinitum Boiss" Horticulturae 8, no. 2: 156. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae8020156

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