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Assessment of Brassicaceae Seeds Quality by X-ray Analysis

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Laboratory Analysis Center, Federal Scientific Vegetable Center, 14 Selektsionnaya Street, 143080 Odintsovo, Russia
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Plant Lightphysiology and Agroecosystem Bioproductivity Department, Agrophysical Research Institute, 14 Grazhdanskiy pr., 195220 Saint Petersburg, Russia
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Electronic Instruments and Devices Department, Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical University “LETI”, Ul. Professora Popova, 5, 197022 Saint Petersburg, Russia
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All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of the Confectionery Industry—Branch of the V. M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems, 20 Elektrozavodskaya St., 107076 Moscow, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Xiaowu Wang, Jian Wu and Xu Cai
Horticulturae 2022, 8(1), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae8010029
Received: 30 November 2021 / Revised: 23 December 2021 / Accepted: 24 December 2021 / Published: 28 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Brassica Crops Genomics and Breeding)
A serious problem of vegetable production is the quality of sown seeds. In this regard, assessment of seed quality before sowing and storage is of great practical interest. The modern level of scientific research requires the use of instrumental automated methods of seed quality evaluation, allowing to obtain more information and in a shorter time. The material for the study was a variety of samples from the collection of Brassica oleracea L., var. capitata, Raphanus sativus L., var. radicula, and Lepidium sativum L. seeds from the Federal Scientific Center of Vegetable Breeding and the Timofeev Selection Station. Digital X-ray images of seeds were obtained using a mobile X-ray diagnostic device PRDU-02. Automatic analysis of digital X-ray images was performed in the software “VideoTesT-Morphology 5.2.” The following latent defects of cabbage seeds of economic importance were revealed and identified: irregular darkening, significant “patterning” with deep separation of embryo parts, “angularity of seeds” leading to the loss of their viability. Automatic analysis of digital X-ray images of seeds confirmed the informativeness of brightness indices of digital X-ray images, as well as shape indices. Their connection with sowing qualities of the studied seeds was established. View Full-Text
Keywords: Brassica oleracea L.; var. capitata; Raphanus sativus L.; var. radicula; Lepidium sativum L.; microfocus X-ray; seed quality; seed image analysis Brassica oleracea L.; var. capitata; Raphanus sativus L.; var. radicula; Lepidium sativum L.; microfocus X-ray; seed quality; seed image analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Musaev, F.; Priyatkin, N.; Potrakhov, N.; Beletskiy, S.; Chesnokov, Y. Assessment of Brassicaceae Seeds Quality by X-ray Analysis. Horticulturae 2022, 8, 29. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae8010029

AMA Style

Musaev F, Priyatkin N, Potrakhov N, Beletskiy S, Chesnokov Y. Assessment of Brassicaceae Seeds Quality by X-ray Analysis. Horticulturae. 2022; 8(1):29. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae8010029

Chicago/Turabian Style

Musaev, Farhad, Nikolay Priyatkin, Nikolay Potrakhov, Sergey Beletskiy, and Yuri Chesnokov. 2022. "Assessment of Brassicaceae Seeds Quality by X-ray Analysis" Horticulturae 8, no. 1: 29. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae8010029

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