Next Article in Journal
Evaluation of Blossom Thinning Spray Timing Strategies in Apple
Previous Article in Journal
Determination of the Elements Composition in Sempervivum tectorum L. from Bulgaria
Article

Weed Control, Growth, Nodulation, Quality and Storability of Peas as Affected by Pre- and Postemergence Herbicides

1
Department of Pesticides, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Giza 12613, Egypt
2
Vegetable Crops Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Giza 12613, Egypt
3
Horticulture Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafrelsheikh 33511, Egypt
4
Agricultural Research Center, The Central Laboratory for Analysis of Pesticide Residues and Heavy Metals in Food, Giza 12311, Egypt
5
Horticulture Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef 62517, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alessandra Francini
Horticulturae 2021, 7(9), 307; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7090307
Received: 19 August 2021 / Revised: 7 September 2021 / Accepted: 10 September 2021 / Published: 13 September 2021
Weeds represent a major constraint for successful pea cultivation, resulting in loss of green pea yield and quality. Two field experiments were carried out during the winter seasons of 2018/2019 and 2019/2020. The objectives of the current study were to evaluate the efficacy of pendimethalin, butralin, fluazifop butyl, bentazon, and hoeing on weed control, and their impact on pea growth, nodule formation, yield, quality, and storability. The results indicated that hoeing and fluazifop butyl were the most effective treatments for weed control in terms of the lowest values of total weed dry weight. The bentazon and fluazifop butyl herbicides didn’t affect active nodules number, plant height, plant weight, root length, or number of leaves and branches. Additionally, bentazon and hoeing resulted in the highest total yield per plant and protein content. Butralin and pendimetalin achieved the lowest yield, and butralin also resulted in the lowest plant height and weight. Bentazon-treated peas had the highest chemical compositions in terms of chlorophyll, carotenoids, total sugar, and vitamin C contents in pea pods at harvest and during cold storage at 4 °C and 95 RH for 45 days. No detectable residues of the four herbicides under study were detected in green pods, suggesting that pods can be safely consumed at the time of harvesting. It can be concluded that nodules formation in pea was not affected significantly by the application of the tested herbicides, except pendimethalin and butralin. Furthermore, bentazon had a positive impact on nodules formation and pods quality and could be used effectively for controlling the broadleaf weeds, and it was simultaneously a selective and safe herbicide in pea cultivation. View Full-Text
Keywords: Pisum sativum; weed control efficacy; yield; chemical composition; nodule formation; fluazifop butyl; bentazon; pendimethalin; butralin Pisum sativum; weed control efficacy; yield; chemical composition; nodule formation; fluazifop butyl; bentazon; pendimethalin; butralin
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Abdallah, I.S.; Abdelgawad, K.F.; El-Mogy, M.M.; El-Sawy, M.B.I.; Mahmoud, H.A.; Fahmy, M.A.M. Weed Control, Growth, Nodulation, Quality and Storability of Peas as Affected by Pre- and Postemergence Herbicides. Horticulturae 2021, 7, 307. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7090307

AMA Style

Abdallah IS, Abdelgawad KF, El-Mogy MM, El-Sawy MBI, Mahmoud HA, Fahmy MAM. Weed Control, Growth, Nodulation, Quality and Storability of Peas as Affected by Pre- and Postemergence Herbicides. Horticulturae. 2021; 7(9):307. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7090307

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abdallah, Ibrahim S., Karima F. Abdelgawad, Mohamed M. El-Mogy, Mohamed B.I. El-Sawy, Hend A. Mahmoud, and Mahmoud A.M. Fahmy 2021. "Weed Control, Growth, Nodulation, Quality and Storability of Peas as Affected by Pre- and Postemergence Herbicides" Horticulturae 7, no. 9: 307. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7090307

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop