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A Sustainable Viticulture Method Adapted to the Cold Climate Zone in China

by 1,†, 1,2,†, 1,3,4, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,3,4,5,* and 1,3,4,5,*
1
College of Enology, Northwest A & F University, Yangling 712100, China
2
School of Wine, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China
3
Engineering Research Center for Viti-Viniculture, National Forestry and Grassland Administration, Yangling 712100, China
4
Shaanxi Engineering Research Center for Viti-Viniculture, Yangling 712100, China
5
China Wine Industry Technology Institute, Yinchuan 750021, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contribute equally.
Academic Editor: Massimo Bertamini
Horticulturae 2021, 7(6), 150; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7060150
Received: 19 May 2021 / Revised: 5 June 2021 / Accepted: 7 June 2021 / Published: 11 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Viticulture Production)
Due to the particularity of the continental monsoon climate in China, more than 90% of the wine grape cultivation areas require vines to be buried in winter for a burial period that can extend to half a year. Additionally, traditional vine cultivation practices can expose the surface of the soil during winter, easily leading to soil erosion. To meet the restrictive factors for viticulture in the Chinese cold climate zone, a new sustainable viticulture strategy called crawled cordon mode (CCM) has been developed. CCM includes crawled cordon training (CCT), physical methods of flower and fruit thinning, winter suspension of shoots, the use of a biodegradable liquid film, and covering of grass and branches for simplified management of vineyards. This article summarizes the specific implementation methods of the main measures of CCM and their significant effects on the quality of grapes and wine, ecological environment, and costs, and aims to provide inspiration for the study of sustainable and eco-friendly cultivation measures for vineyards in other cold climate zones. View Full-Text
Keywords: Vitis vinifera L.; cold climate zone; abiotic stress; sustainable viticulture practice; vineyard management Vitis vinifera L.; cold climate zone; abiotic stress; sustainable viticulture practice; vineyard management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Han, X.; Xue, T.; Liu, X.; Wang, Z.; Zhang, L.; Wang, Y.; Yao, F.; Wang, H.; Li, H. A Sustainable Viticulture Method Adapted to the Cold Climate Zone in China. Horticulturae 2021, 7, 150. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7060150

AMA Style

Han X, Xue T, Liu X, Wang Z, Zhang L, Wang Y, Yao F, Wang H, Li H. A Sustainable Viticulture Method Adapted to the Cold Climate Zone in China. Horticulturae. 2021; 7(6):150. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7060150

Chicago/Turabian Style

Han, Xing; Xue, Tingting; Liu, Xu; Wang, Zhilei; Zhang, Liang; Wang, Ying; Yao, Fei; Wang, Hua; Li, Hua. 2021. "A Sustainable Viticulture Method Adapted to the Cold Climate Zone in China" Horticulturae 7, no. 6: 150. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7060150

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