Exploring the Ingredient Choices and Maximum Budget for Fresh Food Boxes in Taiwan
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Data Collecting
2.2.1. One-Way ANOVA F-TEST
2.2.2. Interval Regression Model
3. Theory and Calculation
3.1. Random Utility Approach
3.2. The Estimation of Maximum Budget
4. Results and Discussions
4.1. Descriptive Analysis
4.2. The ANOVA F-TEST
4.2.1. Relationship between Family Size and Fresh Food Box Budget
4.2.2. Relationship between Time Spent on Grocery Shopping and Fresh Food Box Budget
4.3. The Interval Regression Models
4.4. The Elicitation of Maximum Budget
Conflicts of Interest
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|Dependent Variables||Variable Type||Mean|
|MaxBudgetHigher||CV, if FFB max-budget is higher than grocery budget||855.16|
|MaxBudgetSame||CV, if FFB max-budget is same with grocery budget||656.62|
|MaxBudgetLower||CV, if FFB max-budget is lower than grocery budget||608.61|
|MaxBudgetAll Sample||CV, max-budget for all sample||749.20|
|Gender||DV = 1 if one is female||0.69|
|Age||CV, years of age||32.35|
|Monthly income||CV, monthly income (unit: NTD 1000)||61.86|
|Junior school graduated||DV = 1 if one graduated from junior school||0.01|
|High school graduated||DV = 1 if one graduated from high school||0.07|
|Family size||CV, number of family members (persons)||3.05|
|Number of children||CV, number of children at home (persons)||1.28|
|North||DV = 1 if one lives in the Northern region||0.30|
|Central||DV = 1 if one lives in the Central region||0.50|
|Urban||DV = 1 if one lives in the urban area||0.71|
|Suburb||DV = 1 if one lives in the suburb area||0.14|
|Grocery shopping behaviors|
|Frequency of eating out||CV, frequency of eating out per week||8.15|
|Frequency of cooking||CV, frequency of cooking at home per week||5.84|
|Time spent on grocery||CV, time spent on grocery shopping (minutes)||34.91|
|Frequently visiting traditional market||DV = 1 if one visits traditional market often frequently||0.26|
|Frequently visiting supermarket||DV = 1 if one visits supermarket often frequently||0.55|
|Frequently visiting hypermarket||DV = 1 if one visits hypermarket often frequently||0.27|
|Frequently visiting farmer market||DV = 1 if one visits farmer market often frequently||0.02|
|Frequently visiting online market||DV = 1 if one visits online market often frequently||0.03|
|Reason to buy FFB|
|Because of holidays||DV = 1 if one buys FFB because of holidays||0.16|
|Because of group shopping||DV = 1 if one buys FFB because of group shopping||0.49|
|Ingredient-choice preferences of FFB|
|Must include marrow vegetables||DV = 1 if one must include marrow vegetables in FFB||0.14|
|Must include root vegetables||DV = 1 if one must include root vegetables in FFB||0.31|
|Must include leafy vegetables||DV = 1 if one must include leafy vegetables in FFB||0.68|
|Must include fruits||DV = 1 if one must include fruits in FFB||0.42|
|Must include meats||DV = 1 if one must include meat in FFB||0.44|
|Age||6.74 ***||8.28 ***||4.84 ***||5.94 ***|
|Monthly income||0.63||2.94 ***||1.07||1.36 ***|
|Junior school graduated||115.60||−25.33||85.68||165.30|
|High school graduated||−35.60||38.30||−63.93||2.92|
|Family size||23.27 **||55.43 ***||−4.75||41.98 ***|
|Number of children||3.54||8.08||25.77||−9.84|
|Central||−3.23||82.75||110.95 **||65.11 **|
|Grocery shopping behaviors|
|Frequency of eating out||−6.69||−7.82||3.19||−4.39|
|Frequency of cooking||−7.94||−2.95||5.28||−1.67|
|Time spent on grocery||3.95 ***||8.93 ***||4.97 ***||4.54 ***|
|Frequently visiting traditional market||−27.39||−12.56||−41.26||−22.26|
|Frequently visiting supermarket||37.30||−18.23||−22.43||19.09|
|Frequently visiting hypermarket||22.60||−55.61||−16.90||−25.23|
|Frequently visiting farmer market||−28.35||169.76||55.53||41.47|
|Frequently visiting online market||178.34 ***||−11.93||92.21||89.51|
|Reason to buy FFB|
|Because of holidays||−8.72||−3.46||33.45||40.84|
|Because of group shopping||12.46||8.13||13.85||29.01|
|Ingredient-choice preferences of FFB|
|Must include marrow vegetables||104.36 **||−7.77||29.71||73.63|
|Must include root vegetables||9.49||77.80||53.86||29.56|
|Must include leafy vegetables||−19.28||−40.31||−39.05||−37.11|
|Must include fruits||5.76||96.10||109.79 **||70.40 ***|
|Must include meats||24.90||43.24||22.63||53.11 **|
|Wald χ2||145.36 ***||6570.44 ***||2563.48 ***||234.11 ***|
|Number of observations||339||272||137||748|
|Variables||Assumed Variable Value||MaxBudget|
|Grocery shopping behaviors|
|Time spending on grocery||34.91||138.02||311.85||173.40||158.63|
|Frequently visiting online market||1||178.34|
|Ingredient-choice preferences of FFB|
|Must include marrow vegetables||1||104.36|
|Must include fruits||1||109.79||70.40|
|Must include meats||1||53.11|
|Total of MaxBudget (column sum)||1202||930||551||702|
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Vo Nguyen, M.-T.; Kim, M.-K.; Yang, S.-H. Exploring the Ingredient Choices and Maximum Budget for Fresh Food Boxes in Taiwan. Horticulturae 2021, 7, 408. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7100408
Vo Nguyen M-T, Kim M-K, Yang S-H. Exploring the Ingredient Choices and Maximum Budget for Fresh Food Boxes in Taiwan. Horticulturae. 2021; 7(10):408. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7100408Chicago/Turabian Style
Vo Nguyen, Minh-Trang, Man-Keun Kim, and Shang-Ho Yang. 2021. "Exploring the Ingredient Choices and Maximum Budget for Fresh Food Boxes in Taiwan" Horticulturae 7, no. 10: 408. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7100408