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Article

Phytochemical Traits and Biological Activity of Eryngium amethystinum and E. alpinum (Apiaceae)

1
Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Zagreb, A. Kovačića 1, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Slovenian Institute of Hop Research and Brewing, Cesta Žalskega tabora 2, SI-3310 Žalec, Slovenia
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Križevci College of Agriculture, M. Demerca 1, HR-48260 Križevci, Croatia
4
Faculty of Science, University of Split, Ruđera Boškovića 33, HR-21000 Split, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yonghua Yang
Horticulturae 2021, 7(10), 364; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7100364
Received: 12 August 2021 / Revised: 27 September 2021 / Accepted: 30 September 2021 / Published: 5 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Prospects of Using Wild Plant Species in Horticulture)
Eryngium amethystinum L. is a wild vegetable used in Croatia. Both E. amethystinum and E. alpinum L. are decorative plants that can also be used in horticulture. To find out the hidden qualities of these two species, the following biological activities were studied: essential oil (EO) composition, analyzed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC, GC–MS); phenolic compound content (PC), analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC); total phenols as well as total flavonoids, analyzed by ultraviolet–visible spectrophotometry (UV/Vis); antioxidants, analyzed by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical-scavenging activity (DPPH), β-carotene-linoleic acid assay, chelating activity and reducing power of the extracts; and antimicrobial evaluation by micro-dilution assay and inhibition of Candida albicans blastospore germination. The major constituents of EO were β-caryophyllene (15.2%), α-pinene (10.2%) and 2,3,6-trimethylbenzaldehyde (9.3%) for E. amethystinum and caryophyllene oxide (27.9%), bicyclogermacrene (13.2%) and germacrene D (8.2%) for E. alpinum. The methanol extracts of both species showed a broad spectrum of antibacterial and antifungal activity with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) less than or equal to 1.944 and 1.11 mg/mL, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: antifungal activity; antimicrobial activity; Candida; essential oils; germ-tube inhibition; phenolic compounds antifungal activity; antimicrobial activity; Candida; essential oils; germ-tube inhibition; phenolic compounds
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kremer, D.; Zovko Končić, M.; Kosalec, I.; Košir, I.J.; Potočnik, T.; Čerenak, A.; Srečec, S.; Dunkić, V.; Vuko, E. Phytochemical Traits and Biological Activity of Eryngium amethystinum and E. alpinum (Apiaceae). Horticulturae 2021, 7, 364. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7100364

AMA Style

Kremer D, Zovko Končić M, Kosalec I, Košir IJ, Potočnik T, Čerenak A, Srečec S, Dunkić V, Vuko E. Phytochemical Traits and Biological Activity of Eryngium amethystinum and E. alpinum (Apiaceae). Horticulturae. 2021; 7(10):364. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7100364

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kremer, Dario, Marijana Zovko Končić, Ivan Kosalec, Iztok J. Košir, Tanja Potočnik, Andreja Čerenak, Siniša Srečec, Valerija Dunkić, and Elma Vuko. 2021. "Phytochemical Traits and Biological Activity of Eryngium amethystinum and E. alpinum (Apiaceae)" Horticulturae 7, no. 10: 364. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7100364

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