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Fermentation 2018, 4(2), 46; https://doi.org/10.3390/fermentation4020046

Exploitation of Microalgae Species for Nutraceutical Purposes: Cultivation Aspects

Shannon Applied Biotechnology Centre, Limerick Institute of Technology, Moylish Park, V94 E8YF Limerick, Ireland
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Received: 2 May 2018 / Revised: 7 June 2018 / Accepted: 12 June 2018 / Published: 14 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cultivation and Downstream Processing of Algal Biomass)
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Abstract

Cyanobacteria and microalgae have been cultivated only for a limited number of bioactive compounds or biotechnological applications such as for carotenoids; essential omega-3 fatty acids; phycobilipigments; live cells, unprocessed or minimally processed complete biomass as aqua feed, animal feed and human health supplements as rich sources of proteins, carbohydrates, pigments, vitamins and minerals. However, cyanobacteria and microalgae have been reported through several research investigations as a potential source for various bioactive molecules with marketable nutraceutical and pharmaceutical properties. Therefore, more cultivation of cyanobacteria and microalgae species are waiting for new biotechnological applications. At present, the global demand for microalgal applications is focused on biofuels including biodiesel and bioethanol apart from a handful (mentioned above) of bioactive compounds which are mostly used as nutraceuticals. Thus, microalgal biorefinery is growing rapidly for multiple commodities production from both conventional and photobioreactor-based cultivation for biomass feedstocks for various biotechnological applications. This review presents the cultivation aspects of selected cyanobacteria and microalgae for commercial purposes. View Full-Text
Keywords: biotechnological applications; commercial cultivation; cyanobacteria; microalgae; out-door cultivation; photoautotrophic; photobioreactor cultivation biotechnological applications; commercial cultivation; cyanobacteria; microalgae; out-door cultivation; photoautotrophic; photobioreactor cultivation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Saha, S.K.; Murray, P. Exploitation of Microalgae Species for Nutraceutical Purposes: Cultivation Aspects. Fermentation 2018, 4, 46.

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