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Bioimaging Applications of Carbon Nanodots: A Review

1
Laboratory of Biophysical Chemistry, Department of Biological Applications and Technologies, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina, Greece
2
Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 March 2019 / Revised: 12 April 2019 / Accepted: 16 April 2019 / Published: 22 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Carbon Dots)
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Abstract

Carbon nanodots (CNDs) is the newest member of carbon-based nanomaterials and one of the most promising for the development of new, advanced applications. Owing to their unique and unparalleled physicochemical and photoluminescent properties, they are considered to be a rising star among nanomaterials. During the last decade, many applications have been developed based on CNDs. Among others, they have been used as bioimaging agents to label cells and tissues. In this review, we will discuss the advancements in the applications of CNDs in in the field of imaging, in all types of organisms (i.e., prokaryotes, eukaryotes, and animals). Selective imaging of one type of cells over another, imaging of (bio)molecules inside cells and tumor-targeting imaging are some of the studies that will be discussed hereafter. We hope that this review will assist researchers with obtaining a holistic view of the developed applications and hit on new ideas so that more advanced applications can be developed in the near future. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon nanodots; imaging; labeling; biosensing; bacteria; fungi; eukaryotic cells; animals; mice; zebrafish carbon nanodots; imaging; labeling; biosensing; bacteria; fungi; eukaryotic cells; animals; mice; zebrafish
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Kasouni, A.; Chatzimitakos, T.; Stalikas, C. Bioimaging Applications of Carbon Nanodots: A Review. C 2019, 5, 19.

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