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Structure of Carbon Materials Explored by Local Transmission Electron Microscopy and Global Powder Diffraction Probes

1
A. Chełkowski Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, ul. 75 Pułku Piechoty 1, 41-500 Chorzów, Poland
2
Silesian Center for Education and Interdisciplinary Research, ul. 75 Pułku Piechoty 1A, 41-500 Chorzów, Poland
3
Institute of Engineering Materials and Biomaterials, Silesian University of Technology, ul. Konarskiego 18A, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 November 2018 / Revised: 14 December 2018 / Accepted: 14 December 2018 / Published: 19 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transmission Electron Microscopy and Carbon Materials)

Abstract

Transmission electron microscopy and neutron or X-ray diffraction are powerful techniques available today for characterization of the structure of various carbon materials at nano and atomic levels. They provide complementary information but each one has advantages and limitations. Powder X-ray or neutron diffraction measurements provide structural information representative for the whole volume of a material under probe but features of singular nano-objects cannot be identified. Transmission electron microscopy, in turn, is able to probe single nanoscale objects. In this review, it is demonstrated how transmission electron microscopy and powder X-ray and neutron diffraction methods complement each other by providing consistent structural models for different types of carbons such as carbon blacks, glass-like carbons, graphene, nanotubes, nanodiamonds, and nanoonions. View Full-Text
Keywords: transmission electron microscopy; neutron and X-ray powder diffraction; local and global structural probes; computer modelling of the atomic structure; carbon materials transmission electron microscopy; neutron and X-ray powder diffraction; local and global structural probes; computer modelling of the atomic structure; carbon materials
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Jurkiewicz, K.; Pawlyta, M.; Burian, A. Structure of Carbon Materials Explored by Local Transmission Electron Microscopy and Global Powder Diffraction Probes. C 2018, 4, 68.

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