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Recent Progress in Design of Biomass-Derived Hard Carbons for Sodium Ion Batteries

Institut de Science des Matériaux de Mulhouse, Université de Strasbourg, Université de Haute-Alsace, CNRS UMR 7361-15 rue Jean Starcky, 68057 Mulhouse, France
Reseau sur le Stockage Electrochimique de l’Energie (RS2E), FR CNRS 3459, 33 Rue Saint Leu, 80039 Amiens Cedex, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: I. Francis Cheng
Received: 28 September 2016 / Revised: 17 November 2016 / Accepted: 30 November 2016 / Published: 5 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Batteries: Recent Advances in Carbon Materials)
Sodium ion batteries (SIBs) have attracted lots of attention over last few years due to the abundance and wide availability of sodium resources, making SIBs the most cost-effective alternative to the currently used lithium ion batteries (LIBs). Many efforts are underway to find effective anodes for SIBs since the commercial anode for LIBs, graphite, has shown very limited capacity for SIBs. Among many different types of carbons, hard carbons—especially these derived from biomass—hold a great deal of promise for SIB technology thanks to their constantly improving performance and low cost. The main scope of this mini-review is to present current progress in preparation of negative electrodes from biomass including aspects related to precursor types used and their impact on the final carbon characteristics (structure, texture and composition). Another aspect discussed is how certain macro- and microstructure characteristics of the materials translate to their performance as anode for Na-ion batteries. In the last part, current understanding of factors governing sodium insertion into hard carbons is summarized, specifically those that could help solve existing performance bottlenecks such as irreversible capacity, initial low Coulombic efficiency and poor rate performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: hard-carbon; biomass; Na-ion batteries; energy storage hard-carbon; biomass; Na-ion batteries; energy storage
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MDPI and ACS Style

Górka, J.; Vix-Guterl, C.; Matei Ghimbeu, C. Recent Progress in Design of Biomass-Derived Hard Carbons for Sodium Ion Batteries. C 2016, 2, 24.

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