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Review

Metal Nanoparticles as Novel Antifungal Agents for Sustainable Agriculture: Current Advances and Future Directions

1
Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR-OAXACA, Hornos Núm 1003, Col. Noche Buena, Santa Cruz Xoxocotlán 71230, Mexico
2
Tecnológico Nacional de México, Instituto Tecnológico del Valle de Etla, Abasolo S/N, Barrio del Agua Buena, Santiago Suchilquitongo 68230, Mexico
3
Tecnologico de Monterrey, School of Engineering and Sciences, Atizapan de Zaragoza 52926, Mexico
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
J. Fungi 2021, 7(12), 1033; https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7121033
Received: 25 October 2021 / Revised: 25 November 2021 / Accepted: 25 November 2021 / Published: 1 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fungal Nanotechnology 2.0)
The use of metal nanoparticles is considered a good alternative to control phytopathogenic fungi in agriculture. To date, numerous metal nanoparticles (e.g., Ag, Cu, Se, Ni, Mg, and Fe) have been synthesized and used as potential antifungal agents. Therefore, this proposal presents a critical and detailed review of the use of these nanoparticles to control phytopathogenic fungi. Ag nanoparticles have been the most investigated nanoparticles due to their good antifungal activities, followed by Cu nanoparticles. It was also found that other metal nanoparticles have been investigated as antifungal agents, such as Se, Ni, Mg, Pd, and Fe, showing prominent results. Different synthesis methods have been used to produce these nanoparticles with different shapes and sizes, which have shown outstanding antifungal activities. This review shows the success of the use of metal nanoparticles to control phytopathogenic fungi in agriculture. View Full-Text
Keywords: metallic nanoparticles; agriculture; crop protection; antifungal activities; fungi metallic nanoparticles; agriculture; crop protection; antifungal activities; fungi
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cruz-Luna, A.R.; Cruz-Martínez, H.; Vásquez-López, A.; Medina, D.I. Metal Nanoparticles as Novel Antifungal Agents for Sustainable Agriculture: Current Advances and Future Directions. J. Fungi 2021, 7, 1033. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7121033

AMA Style

Cruz-Luna AR, Cruz-Martínez H, Vásquez-López A, Medina DI. Metal Nanoparticles as Novel Antifungal Agents for Sustainable Agriculture: Current Advances and Future Directions. Journal of Fungi. 2021; 7(12):1033. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7121033

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cruz-Luna, Aida R., Heriberto Cruz-Martínez, Alfonso Vásquez-López, and Dora I. Medina. 2021. "Metal Nanoparticles as Novel Antifungal Agents for Sustainable Agriculture: Current Advances and Future Directions" Journal of Fungi 7, no. 12: 1033. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7121033

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