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Article

An Updated Global Species Diversity and Phylogeny in the Genus Wickerhamomyces with Addition of Two New Species from Thailand

1
Master of Science Program in Applied Microbiology (International Program), Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
2
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
3
Research Center of Microbial Diversity and Sustainable Utilization, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
4
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
5
Academy of Science, The Royal Society of Thailand, Bangkok 10300, Thailand
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Anush Kosakyan, Rodica Catana and Alona Biketova
J. Fungi 2021, 7(11), 957; https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7110957
Received: 14 October 2021 / Revised: 7 November 2021 / Accepted: 8 November 2021 / Published: 11 November 2021
Ascomycetous yeast species in the genus Wickerhamomyces (Saccharomycetales, Wickerhamomycetaceae) are isolated from various habitats and distributed throughout the world. Prior to this study, 35 species had been validly published and accepted into this genus. Beneficially, Wickerhamomyces species have been used in a number of biotechnologically applications of environment, food, beverage industries, biofuel, medicine and agriculture. However, in some studies, Wickerhamomyces species have been identified as an opportunistic human pathogen. Through an overview of diversity, taxonomy and recently published literature, we have updated a brief review of Wickerhamomyces. Moreover, two new Wickerhamomyces species were isolated from the soil samples of Assam tea (Camellia sinensis var. assamica) that were collected from plantations in northern Thailand. Herein, we have identified these species as W. lannaensis and W. nanensis. The identification of these species was based on phenotypic (morphological, biochemical and physiological characteristics) and molecular analyses. Phylogenetic analyses of a combination of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region and the D1/D2 domains of the large subunit (LSU) of ribosomal DNA genes support that W. lannaensis and W. nanensis are distinct from other species within the genus Wickerhamomyces. A full description, illustrations and a phylogenetic tree showing the position of both new species have been provided. Accordingly, a new combination species, W. myanmarensis has been proposed based on the phylogenetic results. A new key for species identification is provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: ascomycetous yeast; distribution; new species; phylogeny; taxonomy; Wickerhamomyces ascomycetous yeast; distribution; new species; phylogeny; taxonomy; Wickerhamomyces
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nundaeng, S.; Suwannarach, N.; Limtong, S.; Khuna, S.; Kumla, J.; Lumyong, S. An Updated Global Species Diversity and Phylogeny in the Genus Wickerhamomyces with Addition of Two New Species from Thailand. J. Fungi 2021, 7, 957. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7110957

AMA Style

Nundaeng S, Suwannarach N, Limtong S, Khuna S, Kumla J, Lumyong S. An Updated Global Species Diversity and Phylogeny in the Genus Wickerhamomyces with Addition of Two New Species from Thailand. Journal of Fungi. 2021; 7(11):957. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7110957

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nundaeng, Supakorn, Nakarin Suwannarach, Savitree Limtong, Surapong Khuna, Jaturong Kumla, and Saisamorn Lumyong. 2021. "An Updated Global Species Diversity and Phylogeny in the Genus Wickerhamomyces with Addition of Two New Species from Thailand" Journal of Fungi 7, no. 11: 957. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7110957

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