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Review

Smartphone Applications Designed to Improve Older People’s Chronic Pain Management: An Integrated Systematic Review

1
College of Health Wellbeing and Life Sciences, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield S1 1WB, UK
2
School of Nursing, Anglia Ruskin University, Chelmsford CM1 1SQ, UK
3
Abertay University, Dundee DD1 1HG, UK
4
School of Computing and Mathematical Sciences, University of Greenwich, London SE10 9LS, UK
5
School of Design and Informatics, Abertay University, Dundee DD1 1HG, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Diane Bunn and Mojtaba Vaismoradi
Geriatrics 2021, 6(2), 40; https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics6020040
Received: 2 November 2020 / Revised: 1 April 2021 / Accepted: 1 April 2021 / Published: 8 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Geriatrics)
(1) Background: Older people’s chronic pain is often not well managed because of fears of side-effects and under-reporting. Telehealth interventions, in the form of smartphone applications, are attracting much interest in the management of chronic diseases, with new and evolving approaches in response to current population demographics. However, the extent to which telehealth interventions may be used to promote and effect the self-management of chronic pain is not established. (2) Aim: To provide an objective review of the existing quantitative and qualitative evidence pertaining to the benefits of smartphone applications for the management of chronic pain in older people. (3) Methods: A literature search was undertaken using PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, Embase, PsychINFO, the Cochrane database, Science Direct and references of retrieved articles. The data were independently extracted by two reviewers from the original reports. (4) Results: This integrative systematic review identified 10 articles considering smartphone applications related to self-management of chronic pain among older adults. (5) Conclusions: It is important for future research to not only examine the effects of smartphone initiatives, but also to compare their safety, acceptability, efficacy and cost–benefit ratio in relation to existing treatment modalities. View Full-Text
Keywords: telehealth; chronic pain; mHealth; smartphone apps; chatbot telehealth; chronic pain; mHealth; smartphone apps; chatbot
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dunham, M.; Bonacaro, A.; Schofield, P.; Bacon, L.; Spyridonis, F.; Mehrpouya, H. Smartphone Applications Designed to Improve Older People’s Chronic Pain Management: An Integrated Systematic Review. Geriatrics 2021, 6, 40. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics6020040

AMA Style

Dunham M, Bonacaro A, Schofield P, Bacon L, Spyridonis F, Mehrpouya H. Smartphone Applications Designed to Improve Older People’s Chronic Pain Management: An Integrated Systematic Review. Geriatrics. 2021; 6(2):40. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics6020040

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dunham, Margaret, Antonio Bonacaro, Patricia Schofield, Liz Bacon, Fotios Spyridonis, and Hadi Mehrpouya. 2021. "Smartphone Applications Designed to Improve Older People’s Chronic Pain Management: An Integrated Systematic Review" Geriatrics 6, no. 2: 40. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics6020040

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