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Geriatrics 2017, 2(4), 38; https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics2040038

Cancer-Related Information Seeking and Scanning Behaviors among Older Chinese Adults: Examining the Roles of Fatalistic Beliefs and Fear

1
The Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
2
Sau Po Center on Ageing, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
3
School of Nursing, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 November 2017 / Revised: 30 November 2017 / Accepted: 30 November 2017 / Published: 3 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oncology Care and Research in the Elderly)
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Abstract

Effective communication in health information plays an important role in health promotion and cancer prevention. Cancer-related information acquisition can happen via active and purposeful seeking, but may also happen less purposely via the routine use of media and interactions with other people (called scanning). We examined seeking and scanning behaviors regarding cancer prevention in older Chinese adults, identified commonly used sources of information of such behaviors, and examined their associations with fatalistic beliefs and cancer fear. A convenience sample of 224 community-dwelling adults aged ≥60 were recruited between May and July in 2013 in Hong Kong. Results suggested that cancer information scanning (79.5%) was more common than information seeking (30.4%) among our participants. Health professional was the most popular source for both scanning (78.7%) and seeking (58.8%) behaviors regarding cancer information. Fatalistic beliefs was significantly and negatively associated with seeking behaviors (OR = 0.50) but not scanning behaviors, and cancer fear showed no relationship with either behavior. This study shows that the cancer information seeking and scanning behaviors were still suboptimal in this age group and adds to the knowledge regarding the associations between fatalistic beliefs and fear with cancer information seeking and scanning behaviors among older Chinese adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: cancer information; seeking and scanning behaviors; fatalistic beliefs; cancer fear; aged cancer information; seeking and scanning behaviors; fatalistic beliefs; cancer fear; aged
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Leung, D.Y.P.; Chow, T.T.; Wong, E.M.L. Cancer-Related Information Seeking and Scanning Behaviors among Older Chinese Adults: Examining the Roles of Fatalistic Beliefs and Fear. Geriatrics 2017, 2, 38.

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