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Prevalence of Microsporum canis from Pet Cats in Small Animal Hospitals, Chiang Mai, Thailand

1
Department of Veterinary Biosciences and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50100, Thailand
2
Research Center of Producing and Development of Products and Innovations for Animal Health and Production, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50100, Thailand
3
Veterinary Diagnostic Center (VDC), Chiang Mai University Animal Hospital, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50100, Thailand
4
Department of Companion Animals, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50100, Thailand
5
Department of Food Animal Clinics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50100, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vet. Sci. 2022, 9(1), 21; https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci9010021
Received: 13 December 2021 / Revised: 5 January 2022 / Accepted: 7 January 2022 / Published: 9 January 2022
Dermatophytosis is a disease caused by dermatophytes, a group of fungi that can cause disease both in humans and animals. The important genera that are pathogenic in animals include Trichophyton and Microsporum. Microsporum canis is an important species because it can cause zoonosis and is commonly found in domestic animals. Cats, which live very close to humans, may expose humans to this pathogen. This research focused on the epidemiology of M. canis found in cats. Hair samples were collected via the Mackenzie technique from cats with and without skin lesions, preliminarily examined with 10% KOH preparation, and cultured for fungal identification. Samples were confirmed with molecular techniques including polymerase chain reaction, gel electrophoresis, and sequencing. Samples were collected from 138 cats located in 93 households, 43 from cats with skin lesions (31.16%) and 95 from cats without skin lesions (68.84%). Eighteen cats with lesions (13.04%) and ten cats without lesions (7.2%) were found to carry M. canis. In eleven of the eighteen cats both with skin lesions and positive for M. canis (61.11%), the pathogen was found both at the site of the lesion and at other sites in the body. Because the pathogen can be found in the hair of cats with and without skin lesions, owners, keepers, veterinarians, and others who come into contact with these animals are at risk of infection if they are not aware or do not take precautions after contact with them. View Full-Text
Keywords: cat; dermatophytes; Microsporum canis; zoonosis; prevalence; Chiang Mai cat; dermatophytes; Microsporum canis; zoonosis; prevalence; Chiang Mai
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chupia, V.; Ninsuwon, J.; Piyarungsri, K.; Sodarat, C.; Prachasilchai, W.; Suriyasathaporn, W.; Pikulkaew, S. Prevalence of Microsporum canis from Pet Cats in Small Animal Hospitals, Chiang Mai, Thailand. Vet. Sci. 2022, 9, 21. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci9010021

AMA Style

Chupia V, Ninsuwon J, Piyarungsri K, Sodarat C, Prachasilchai W, Suriyasathaporn W, Pikulkaew S. Prevalence of Microsporum canis from Pet Cats in Small Animal Hospitals, Chiang Mai, Thailand. Veterinary Sciences. 2022; 9(1):21. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci9010021

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chupia, Vena, Jirapat Ninsuwon, Kakanang Piyarungsri, Chollada Sodarat, Worapat Prachasilchai, Witaya Suriyasathaporn, and Surachai Pikulkaew. 2022. "Prevalence of Microsporum canis from Pet Cats in Small Animal Hospitals, Chiang Mai, Thailand" Veterinary Sciences 9, no. 1: 21. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci9010021

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