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Open AccessCase Report

Complete Remission of Associative Immune-Mediated Hemolytic Anemia in a Dog Following Surgical Resection of Intestinal Leiomyosarcoma

Yuki Animal Hospital, 2-99 Kiba-cho, Minato-ku, Aichi 4550021, Japan
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Vet. Sci. 2019, 6(2), 55; https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci6020055
Received: 11 April 2019 / Revised: 8 June 2019 / Accepted: 11 June 2019 / Published: 13 June 2019
A twelve-year-old male castrated Chihuahua with a severe, microcytic, hypochromic, and nonregenerative direct antiglobulin test positive anemia characterized by marked spherocytosis was referred to the veterinary hospital. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a peritoneal mass of unclear origin. Transfusion, followed by mass resection, rapidly resolved the anemia without further immunosuppressive treatment. Histopathology confirmed extraluminal jejunal leiomyosarcoma. Multiple mechanisms, including immune-mediated destruction, likely contributed to the anemia. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report that describes the resolution of immune-mediated hemolysis in a dog after the removal of an intestinal neoplasm. View Full-Text
Keywords: dog; immune-mediated hemolytic anemia; leiomyosarcoma dog; immune-mediated hemolytic anemia; leiomyosarcoma
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Yuki, M.; Naitoh, E. Complete Remission of Associative Immune-Mediated Hemolytic Anemia in a Dog Following Surgical Resection of Intestinal Leiomyosarcoma. Vet. Sci. 2019, 6, 55.

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