Increased Antimicrobial Resistance of MRSA Strains Isolated from Pigs in Spain between 2009 and 2018
AbstractThe problem of emerging resistant microorganisms such as Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) associated to livestock is closely linked to improper use of antimicrobial agents. The aim of this study is to find out the prevalence and characteristics of these strains, as well as their evolution in healthy pigs on the Island of Tenerife, Spain. Between October 2009 and December 2010, 300 pigs from 15 wean-to-finishing farms were screened. Between 1 September 2017 and 31 March 2018, a new sampling was performed collecting 125 nasal swabs from pigs belonging to the same farms and under the same conditions as the previous study. MRSA antibiotic resistant patterns were studied. Results: Prevalence of MRSA isolates was 89.6%. All isolates belonged to Sequence Type 398 (ST398), a livestock related strain. All strains studied were resistant to beta-lactamic non-carbapenemic antibiotics and sensitive to teicoplanin, linezolid, vancomycin, rifampicin, quinupristin-dalfospristin, and mupirocine. Between 2009/2010–2017/2018 a significant increase in resistance to gentamicin, tobramycin, trimethoprim-sulfomethoxazole, clindamycin, Fosfomycin, and tigecycline antibiotics was observed in isolated MRSA strains compared to the previous period. We consider a major control and surveillance program of antibiotic use in veterinary care is needed in order to reduce the presence of MRSA strains in livestock and control this significant multi-resistance increase. View Full-Text
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Abreu, R.; Rodríguez-Álvarez, C.; Lecuona, M.; Castro, B.; González, J.C.; Aguirre-Jaime, A.; Arias, Á. Increased Antimicrobial Resistance of MRSA Strains Isolated from Pigs in Spain between 2009 and 2018. Vet. Sci. 2019, 6, 38.
Abreu R, Rodríguez-Álvarez C, Lecuona M, Castro B, González JC, Aguirre-Jaime A, Arias Á. Increased Antimicrobial Resistance of MRSA Strains Isolated from Pigs in Spain between 2009 and 2018. Veterinary Sciences. 2019; 6(2):38.Chicago/Turabian Style
Abreu, Rossana; Rodríguez-Álvarez, Cristobalina; Lecuona, María; Castro, Beatriz; González, Juan C.; Aguirre-Jaime, Armando; Arias, Ángeles. 2019. "Increased Antimicrobial Resistance of MRSA Strains Isolated from Pigs in Spain between 2009 and 2018." Vet. Sci. 6, no. 2: 38.
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