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Anomalies of the Portal Venous System in Dogs and Cats as Seen on Multidetector-Row Computed Tomography: An Overview and Systematization Proposal

San Marco Veterinary Clinic and Laboratory, via dell’Industria 3, 35030 Veggiano, Padova, Italy
Vet. Sci. 2019, 6(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci6010010
Received: 29 November 2018 / Revised: 13 January 2019 / Accepted: 16 January 2019 / Published: 22 January 2019
This article offers an overview of congenital and acquired vascular anomalies involving the portal venous system in dogs and cats, as determined by multidetector-row computed tomography angiography. Congenital absence of the portal vein, portal vein hypoplasia, portal vein thrombosis and portal collaterals are described. Portal collaterals are further discussed as high- and low-flow connections and categorized in hepatic arterioportal malformation, arteriovenous fistula, end-to-side and side-to-side congenital portosystemic shunts, acquired portosystemic shunts, cavoportal and porto-portal collaterals. Knowledge of different portal system anomalies helps understand the underlying physiopathological mechanism and is essential for surgical and interventional approaches. View Full-Text
Keywords: portal system; portal vein; portosystemic shunt; portal hypertension; computed tomography portal system; portal vein; portosystemic shunt; portal hypertension; computed tomography
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bertolini, G. Anomalies of the Portal Venous System in Dogs and Cats as Seen on Multidetector-Row Computed Tomography: An Overview and Systematization Proposal. Vet. Sci. 2019, 6, 10. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci6010010

AMA Style

Bertolini G. Anomalies of the Portal Venous System in Dogs and Cats as Seen on Multidetector-Row Computed Tomography: An Overview and Systematization Proposal. Veterinary Sciences. 2019; 6(1):10. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci6010010

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bertolini, Giovanna. 2019. "Anomalies of the Portal Venous System in Dogs and Cats as Seen on Multidetector-Row Computed Tomography: An Overview and Systematization Proposal" Vet. Sci. 6, no. 1: 10. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci6010010

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