Next Article in Journal
Clinicopathological Diversity of Canine Mammary Gland Tumors in Sri Lanka: A One-Year Survey on Cases Presented to Two Veterinary Practices
Next Article in Special Issue
Chemical Composition and In Vitro Antimicrobial Efficacy of Sixteen Essential Oils against Escherichia coli and Aspergillus fumigatus Isolated from Poultry
Previous Article in Journal
Anatomical and Radiographic Study on the Skull and Mandible of the Common Opossum (Didelphis Marsupialis Linnaeus, 1758) in the Caribbean
 
 
Article

In Vitro Activity of 30 Essential Oils against Bovine Clinical Isolates of Prototheca zopfii and Prototheca blaschkeae

1
Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie, Università di Pisa, 56124 Pisa PI, Italy
2
Scuola Cimi Roma, 00153 Roma RM, Italy
3
Dipartimento di Farmacia, Università di Pisa, 56126 Pisa PI, Italy
4
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombardia e dell’Emilia, Sezione di Lodi, 26900 Lodi LO, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vet. Sci. 2018, 5(2), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci5020045
Received: 19 March 2018 / Revised: 17 April 2018 / Accepted: 18 April 2018 / Published: 24 April 2018
Protothecal mastitis poses an emergent animal health problem in dairy herds, with a high impact on dairy industries, causing heavy economic losses. Current methods of treating protothecal infections are ineffective, and no drug is licensed for use in cattle. The aim of the present study was to check the antialgal activity of 30 chemically defined essential oils (EOs) against Prototheca zopfii and Prototheca blaschkeae isolated from the milk of dairy cows with mastitis. A microdilution test was carried out to estimate the antialgal effectiveness of the selected chemically defined EOs. The microdilution test showed different degrees of inhibition among the examined Prototheca species. The activity of some of the examined EOs seem interesting. In particular, Citrus paradisi yielded the lowest minimal inhibitory concentration values (0.75%) for both algal species. P. zopfii appeared to be more sensitive to EOs in comparison to P. blaschkeae. The present study investigated the in vitro susceptibility of P. zopfii and P. blaschkeae to a wide range of EOs, obtained from different botanical families. Further investigations are necessary to evaluate the efficacy of EO-based formulations intended for the disinfection of both udder and milking products. View Full-Text
Keywords: Prototheca zopfii; Prototheca blaschkeae; cattle; mastitis; treatment; essential oils; microdilution Prototheca zopfii; Prototheca blaschkeae; cattle; mastitis; treatment; essential oils; microdilution
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Nardoni, S.; Pisseri, F.; Pistelli, L.; Najar, B.; Luini, M.; Mancianti, F. In Vitro Activity of 30 Essential Oils against Bovine Clinical Isolates of Prototheca zopfii and Prototheca blaschkeae. Vet. Sci. 2018, 5, 45. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci5020045

AMA Style

Nardoni S, Pisseri F, Pistelli L, Najar B, Luini M, Mancianti F. In Vitro Activity of 30 Essential Oils against Bovine Clinical Isolates of Prototheca zopfii and Prototheca blaschkeae. Veterinary Sciences. 2018; 5(2):45. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci5020045

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nardoni, Simona, Francesca Pisseri, Luisa Pistelli, Basma Najar, Mario Luini, and Francesca Mancianti. 2018. "In Vitro Activity of 30 Essential Oils against Bovine Clinical Isolates of Prototheca zopfii and Prototheca blaschkeae" Veterinary Sciences 5, no. 2: 45. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci5020045

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop