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Feedforward Neural Network-Based Architecture for Predicting Emotions from Speech

Department of Telecommunications, Faculty of Electronics, Telecommunications, and Information Technology, University “Politehnica”, Bucharest 060042, Romania
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Data 2019, 4(3), 101; https://doi.org/10.3390/data4030101
Received: 21 May 2019 / Revised: 9 July 2019 / Accepted: 11 July 2019 / Published: 15 July 2019
We propose a novel feedforward neural network (FFNN)-based speech emotion recognition system built on three layers: A base layer where a set of speech features are evaluated and classified; a middle layer where a speech matrix is built based on the classification scores computed in the base layer; a top layer where an FFNN- and a rule-based classifier are used to analyze the speech matrix and output the predicted emotion. The system offers 80.75% accuracy for predicting the six basic emotions and surpasses other state-of-the-art methods when tested on emotion-stimulated utterances. The method is robust and the fastest in the literature, computing a stable prediction in less than 78 s and proving attractive for replacing questionnaire-based methods and for real-time use. A set of correlations between several speech features (intensity contour, speech rate, pause rate, and short-time energy) and the evaluated emotions is determined, which enhances previous similar studies that have not analyzed these speech features. Using these correlations to improve the system leads to a 6% increase in accuracy. The proposed system can be used to improve human–computer interfaces, in computer-mediated education systems, for accident prevention, and for predicting mental disorders and physical diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: affective computing; speech analysis; emotion recognition; feedforward neural networks; machine learning affective computing; speech analysis; emotion recognition; feedforward neural networks; machine learning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gavrilescu, M.; Vizireanu, N. Feedforward Neural Network-Based Architecture for Predicting Emotions from Speech. Data 2019, 4, 101.

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