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Spatial Distribution of Wind Turbines, Photovoltaic Field Systems, Bioenergy, and River Hydro Power Plants in Germany

1
Department of Bioenergy, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research GmbH-UFZ, 04318 Leipzig, Germany
2
Department of Bioenergy Systems, Deutsches Biomasseforschungszentrum DBFZ, 04347 Leipzig, Germany
3
Leipziger Institut für Energie GmbH, Lessingstraße 2, 04109 Leipzig, Germany
4
Ingenieurbüro Floecksmühle GmbH, 52066 Aachen, Germany
5
Department of Nature Conservation and Renewable Energy, German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, 04277 Leipzig, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 December 2018 / Revised: 25 January 2019 / Accepted: 28 January 2019 / Published: 11 February 2019
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Abstract

The expansion of renewable energy technologies, accompanied by an increasingly decentralized supply structure, raises many research questions regarding the structure, dimension, and impacts of the electricity supply network. In this context, information on renewable energy plants, particularly their spatial distribution and key parameters—e.g., installed capacity, total size, and required space—are more and more important for public decision makers and different scientific domains, such as energy system analysis and impact assessment. The dataset described in this paper covers the spatial distribution, installed capacity, and commissioning year of wind turbines, photovoltaic field systems, and bio- and river hydro power plants in Germany. Collected from different online sources and authorities, the data have been thoroughly cross-checked, cleaned, and merged to generate validated and complete datasets. The paper concludes with notes on the practical use of the dataset in an environmental impact monitoring framework and other potential research or policy settings. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable energy; wind turbine; photovoltaic field systems; bioenergy plants; hydro power plants; GIS; spatial data renewable energy; wind turbine; photovoltaic field systems; bioenergy plants; hydro power plants; GIS; spatial data
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Eichhorn, M.; Scheftelowitz, M.; Reichmuth, M.; Lorenz, C.; Louca, K.; Schiffler, A.; Keuneke, R.; Bauschmann, M.; Ponitka, J.; Manske, D.; Thrän, D. Spatial Distribution of Wind Turbines, Photovoltaic Field Systems, Bioenergy, and River Hydro Power Plants in Germany. Data 2019, 4, 29.

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