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Open AccessArticle

Craftwashing in the U.S. Beer Industry

Department of Community Sustainability, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Academic Editor: Jan Bentzen
Beverages 2018, 4(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/beverages4010001
Received: 17 November 2017 / Revised: 1 December 2017 / Accepted: 11 December 2017 / Published: 26 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcoholic Beverages Market)
(1) Background: Big brewers, which have experienced declining sales for their beer brands in the last decade, have been accused of “craftwashing” by some craft brewers and their aficionados—they define craftwashing as big brewers (>6 million barrels per year) taking advantage of the increasing sales of craft beer by emulating these products or by acquiring craft breweries, while also obscuring their ownership from consumers; (2) Methods: To estimate the prevalence of these practices, the ownership of U.S. mainstream and craft beer brands was decoded and visualized. In addition, an exploratory case study analyzed how these ownership relations are represented in the craft sections of selected retailers (n = 16) in the Lansing, Michigan metropolitan area; (3) Results: By October 2017 in the U.S., all but one big brewer had either acquired a craft brewery, or formed a distribution alliance with one—without disclosing these relationships on the packaging. In the study area, 30% of 4- and 6-pack facings recorded in craft beer sections (n = 1145) had ownership ties to big brewers; (4) Conclusions: Craftwashing is common in the U.S. beer industry, and this suggests consumers must exert substantial effort to become aware of their own role in reinforcing these practices. View Full-Text
Keywords: craft beer; ownership; visualization; case study craft beer; ownership; visualization; case study
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MDPI and ACS Style

Howard, P.H. Craftwashing in the U.S. Beer Industry. Beverages 2018, 4, 1. https://doi.org/10.3390/beverages4010001

AMA Style

Howard PH. Craftwashing in the U.S. Beer Industry. Beverages. 2018; 4(1):1. https://doi.org/10.3390/beverages4010001

Chicago/Turabian Style

Howard, Philip H. 2018. "Craftwashing in the U.S. Beer Industry" Beverages 4, no. 1: 1. https://doi.org/10.3390/beverages4010001

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