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New Evaluation Procedure for Multi-Dimensional Mechanical Strains and Tangent Moduli of Breast Implants: IDEAL IMPLANT® Structured Breast Implant Compared to Silicone Gel Implants

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA
2
Pacific Center for Plastic Surgery, Newport Beach, CA 92660, USA
3
Medical Device Pros, LLC, Satellite Beach, FL 32937, USA
4
Department of Plastic Surgery, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA 92868, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Bioengineering 2019, 6(2), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/bioengineering6020043
Received: 16 April 2019 / Revised: 4 May 2019 / Accepted: 6 May 2019 / Published: 12 May 2019
PDF [1189 KB, uploaded 15 May 2019]

Abstract

The IDEAL IMPLANT® Structured Breast Implant is a dual lumen saline-filled implant with capsular contracture and deflation/rupture rates much lower than single-lumen silicone gel-filled implants. To better understand the implant’s mechanical properties and to provide a potential explanation for these eight-year clinical results, a novel approach to compressive load testing was employed. Multi-dimensional strains and tangent moduli, metrics describing the shape stability of the total implant, were derived from the experimental load and platen spacing data. The IDEAL IMPLANT was found to have projection, diametric, and areal strains that were generally less than silicone gel implants, and tangent moduli that were generally greater than silicone gel implants. Despite having a relatively inviscid saline fill, the IDEAL IMPLANT was found to be more shape stable compared to gel implants, which implies potentially less interaction with the capsule wall when the implant is subjected to compressive loads. Under compressive loads, the shape stability of a higher cross-link density, cohesive gel implant was unexpectedly found to be similar to or the same as a gel implant. In localized diametric compression testing, the IDEAL IMPLANT was found to have a palpability similar to a gel implant, but softer than a cohesive gel implant.
Keywords: dual lumen; breast implant; breast implant testing; structured; tangent modulus; IDEAL IMPLANT; strain; silicone gel; breast implant mechanical properties; compression; breast implant rupture; breast implant evaluation; capsular contracture; structured saline breast implant; breast implant dimensions dual lumen; breast implant; breast implant testing; structured; tangent modulus; IDEAL IMPLANT; strain; silicone gel; breast implant mechanical properties; compression; breast implant rupture; breast implant evaluation; capsular contracture; structured saline breast implant; breast implant dimensions
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Brandon, H.J.; Nichter, L.S.; Back, D.D. New Evaluation Procedure for Multi-Dimensional Mechanical Strains and Tangent Moduli of Breast Implants: IDEAL IMPLANT® Structured Breast Implant Compared to Silicone Gel Implants. Bioengineering 2019, 6, 43.

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