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Biosynthesis of Inorganic Nanoparticles: A Fresh Look at the Control of Shape, Size and Composition

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School of Biological Sciences & Engineering, Yachay Tech University, Hacienda San José s/n, San Miguel de Urcuquí 100119, Ecuador
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Nanobiomaterials and Bioprocessing (NAB) Laboratory, Dan F. Smith Department of Chemical Engineering, Lamar University, P.O. Box 10053, Beaumont, TX 77710, USA
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Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie des Matériaux, Université Mouloud Mammeri, Route de Hasnaoua, BP 17 RP, Tizi-Ouzou 15000, Algérie
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Laboratory of Bioengineering, Earth and Life Institute, Université Catholique de Louvain, Croix du Sud 2, Bte L7.05.19, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Frank Alexis
Bioengineering 2017, 4(1), 14; https://doi.org/10.3390/bioengineering4010014
Received: 22 January 2017 / Revised: 14 February 2017 / Accepted: 16 February 2017 / Published: 18 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanoparticle Interaction with the Biological Milieu)
Several methodologies have been devised for the design of nanomaterials. The “Holy Grail” for materials scientists is the cost-effective, eco-friendly synthesis of nanomaterials with controlled sizes, shapes and compositions, as these features confer to the as-produced nanocrystals unique properties making them appropriate candidates for valuable bio-applications. The present review summarizes published data regarding the production of nanomaterials with special features via sustainable methodologies based on the utilization of natural bioresources. The richness of the latter, the diversity of the routes adopted and the tuned experimental parameters have led to the fabrication of nanomaterials belonging to different chemical families with appropriate compositions and displaying interesting sizes and shapes. It is expected that these outstanding findings will encourage researchers and attract newcomers to continue and extend the exploration of possibilities offered by nature and the design of innovative and safer methodologies towards the synthesis of unique nanomaterials, possessing desired features and exhibiting valuable properties that can be exploited in a profusion of fields. View Full-Text
Keywords: biosynthesis; nanoparticles; screening; size; shape; composition; properties; bio-applications biosynthesis; nanoparticles; screening; size; shape; composition; properties; bio-applications
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dahoumane, S.A.; Jeffryes, C.; Mechouet, M.; Agathos, S.N. Biosynthesis of Inorganic Nanoparticles: A Fresh Look at the Control of Shape, Size and Composition. Bioengineering 2017, 4, 14.

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